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Table 4 Distribution of study participants by reasons for non-utilization of oral health care services (N = 675)

From: Barriers and facilitators of dental service utilization by children aged 8 to 11 years in Enugu State, Nigeria

  Reasons for non-utilization of oral health care centres   
  No Time Treatment is expensive Teeth are healthy Parent did not respond Lost referral letter Parent refused Children forgot to inform parent Total P value
  n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)  
Socio-economic status         0.001
 High 109(37.3) 49(30.6) 48(31.2) 3(12.0) 7(46.7) 5(22.7) 2(28.6) 223(33.0)  
 Middle 105(36.0) 49(30.6) 46(29.9) 5(20.0) 5(33.3) 8(36.4) 5(71.4) 223(33.0)  
 Low 78(26.7) 62(38.8) 60(39.0) 17(68.0) 3(20.0) 9(40.9) 0(0.0) 229(34.0)  
 Total 292(100.0) 160(100.0) 154(100.0) 25(100.0) 15(100.0) 22(100.0) 7(1.0) 675(100.0)  
Type of family          0.64
 Monogamy 282(96.6) 151(94.4) 149(96.8) 24(96.0) 15(100.0) 20(90.9) 7(100.0) 648(96.0)  
 Polygamy 10(3.4) 9(5.6) 5(3.2) 1(4.0) 0(0.0) 2(9.1) 0(0.0) 27(4.0)  
 Total 292(100.0) 160(100.0) 154(100.0) 25(100.0) 15(100.0) 22(100.0) 7(100.0) 675(100.0)  
Form of parenthood         0.06
 Both parents 256(87.7) 130(81.3) 125(81.2) 18(72.0) 15(100.0) 20(90.9) 7(100.0) 571(84.6)  
 One parent 7(2.4) 8(5.0) 7(4.5) 0(0.0) 0(0.0) 1(4.5) 0(0.0) 23(3.4)  
 Guardian 29(9.9) 22(13.8) 22(14.3) 7(28.0) 0(0.0) 1(4.5) 0(0.0) 81(12.0)  
 Total 292(100.0) 160(100.0) 154(100.0) 25(100.0) 15(100.0) 22(100.0) 7(100.0) 675(100.0)  
Birth rank          0.20
 First child 87(29.8) 32(20.0) 29(18.8) 4(16.0) 1(6.7) 6(27.3) 1(14.3) 160(23.7)  
 Last child 45(15.4) 44(27.5) 37(24.0) 5(20.0) 4(26.7) 4(18.2) 1(14.3) 140(20.7)  
 Only child 6(2.1) 3(1.9) 2(1.3) 0(0.0) 0(0.0) 1(4.5) 0(0.0) 12(1.8)  
 Others 154(52.7) 81(50.6) 86(55.8) 16(64.0) 10(66.6) 11(50.0) 5(71.4) 363(53.8)  
 Total 292(100.0) 160(100.0) 154(100.0) 25(100.0) 15(100.0) 22(100.0) 7(100.0) 675(100.0)  
Number of siblings         0.67
 0 6(2.1) 3(1.9) 2(1.3) 0(0.0) 0(0.0) 1(4.5) 0(0.0) 12(1.8)  
 1–2 51(17.5) 21(13.1) 18(11.7) 3(12.0) 0(0.0) 5(22.7) 1(14.3) 99(14.7)  
 3–4 129(44.2) 64(40.0) 68(44.2) 11(44.0) 7(46.7) 9(40.9) 4(57.1) 292(43.3)  
 >4 106(36.3) 72(45.0) 66(42.9) 11(44.0) 8(53.3) 7(31.8) 2(28.6) 272(40.3)  
 Total 292(100.0) 160(100.0) 154(100.0) 25(100.0) 15(100.0) 22(100.0) 7(100.0) 675(100.0)