Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 4 Preventive services use self-efficacy subscales among different subgroups

From: The preventive services use self-efficacy (PRESS) scale in older women: development and psychometric properties

Factors or self-efficacy subscales (Number of itemsa) N Mean (SD) Median (Range, IQR)
Self-efficacy for Exercise (4)    
 By diagnosis of arthritis    
  Yes 206 30.8 (7.9)**** 32.0 (6–40, 10)
  No 27 36.4 (4.2) 37.0 (24–40, 6)
 By pre-program exercise routine    
  Never exercise 28 26.9 (9.6)*** 29.0 (6–40, 14.5)
  Exercise sometimes 131 30.9 (7.4) 32.0 (8–40, 11)
  Exercise regularly 72 33.9 (6.6) 36.0 (11–40, 9.5)
Self-efficacy for Self-management of Chronic Disease (3)    
 By self-reported hypertension    
  Yes 165 25.7 (4.6)* 27.0 (3–30, 7)
  No 77 27.1 (3.8) 28.0 (12–30, 4)
 By self-reported diabetes    
  Yes 56 25.8 (4.5) 27.5 (14–30, 7)
  No 186 26.2 (4.4) 27.0 (3–30, 6)
 By self-reported hypercholesterolemia    
  Yes 136 25.5 (4.6)** 26.5 (3–30, 7)
  No 99 27.1 (4.0) 29.0 (12–30, 5)
 By numbers of comorbidities    
  >3 111 26.0 (4.1) 27.0 (14–30, 7)
  ≤3 131 26.2 (4.6) 27.0 (3–30, 6)
Factors or Self-Efficacy Subscales (Number of itemsa) N Mean (SD) Median (Range, IQR)
Self-efficacy for Getting Vaccinations Regularly (2)    
 By having a flu shot in the last year at baseline    
  Got a flu shot in the last year 189 19.7 (1.3)**** 20.0 (7–20, 0)
  Did not get a flu shot in last year 51 16.2 (6.0) 20.0 (2–20, 7)
 By having a pneumonia shot at baseline    
  Had a pneumonia shot previously 185 19.4 (2.1)**** 20.0 (2–20, 0)
  Never had a pneumonia shot 46 16.7 (5.8) 20.0 (2–20, 4)
  1. aThe score for each item ranges 1 to 10
  2. *:P < .05, **:P < .01, ***:P < .001, ****:P < .0001