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Table 3 Costs by advance care directive completions and selected demographic characteristics (Australian dollars)

From: Costs and advance directives at the end of life: a case of the ‘Coaching Older Adults and Carers to have their preferences Heard (COACH)’ trial

  Type of costs: figures are mean (Standard deviation)
Variable Drugs Hospitalisation Tests, treatments & Investigations Consultations Intervention Othera Total
n = 228 n = 228 n = 228 n = 228 n = 228 n = 228 n = 228
Was an ADb completed?
 Yes (n = 76) 4,605(4,949) 33,534(63,669) 3,104(4,109) 2,323(1,957) 285(212)* 172(267) 43,955(64,490)
 No (n = 152) 5,648(5,794) 44,396(86,314) 3,793(6,249) 2,531(2,353) 153(210)* 181(262) 56,910(90,740)
Type of ADb completed
 GPCPc (n = 35) 4,745(5,393) 30,256(44,876) 2,162(2,571) 1,843(1,694) 356(172)* 161(271) 39,423(43,911)
 EPGd (n = 21) 4,867(5,866) 46,034(91,302) 3,749(5,445) 2,589(1,842) 277(228)* 159(289) 57,610(92,844)
 MDe (n = 20) 4,085(2,834) 26,147(58,077) 4,076(4,529) 2,883(2,363) 172(218)* 206(248) 37,548(60,049)
Gender
 Females (n = 138) 5,313(5,419) 32,305(72,418)* 2,873(3,688) 2,378(2,158) 196(218) 191(254) 43,485(74,557)*
 Males (n = 90) 5,281(5,747) 53,763(88,139)* 4,622(7,611) 2,590(2,335) 199(222) 158(278) 66,557(93,207)*
Did individual have a QoL gain?
 Yes (n =105) 5,242(5,866) 34,530(81,028) 4,448(7,253) 2,420(2,161) 206(221) 211(300) 47,027(87,102)
 No (n = 123) 5,237(5,430) 40,390(60,029) 2,932(4,188) 2,547(2,387) 193(218) 151(231) 51,718(62,788)
Was individual dead at 12 months?
 Yes (n = 53) 4,698(7,024)* 63,139(100,000)* 3,985(7,107) 2,379(2,656) 181(208) 106(210)* 74,439(110,000)*
 No (n = 175) 5,483(5,012)* 34,002(70,232)* 3,436(5,112) 2,487(2,088) 202(223) 200(274)* 45,976(71,992)*
Place of death
 Hospital (n =31) 4,351(7,099) 87,896(130,000) 5,034(8,793) 2,637(3,233) 223(213) 59(112) 100,000(140,000)
 Residential care (n = 19) 3,931(3,109) 28,812(25,740) 1,675(1,338) 1,912(1,487) 142(197) 190(307) 36,610(27,035)
 Home/Ind. living unit (n = 3) 13,141(18,044) 24,710(42,798) 7,763(6,959) 2,679(1,847)   51(88) 48,343(67,221)
Total sample 5,300(5,538) 40,775(79,507) 4,083 (5,951) 2,786 (2,256) 188 (219) 201 (279) 55,214 (88.421)
  1. *Kruskall Wallis test statistically significant at 0.05; aOther = primary care and general practice; bAD = Advance directive; cGPCP = Good palliative care plan; dEPG = Enduring power of guardianship; eMD = Medical documentation