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Table 5 Knowledge about HIV and HIV prevention practice

From: Population level usage of health services, and HIV testing and care, prior to decentralization of antiretroviral therapy in Agago District in rural Northern Uganda

HIV Knowledge and Prevention Practices Men Women Test for difference by sexc
n = 755 n = 1369  
Yes No Don’t know/not sure Yes No Don’t know/not sure  
Have you heard of HIV or AIDS? 739 (97.9) 16 (2.1)   1361 (99.4) 8 (0.6)   0.003
Ways of transmitting HIV/AIDSa
 Can be transmitted by sex with someone who looks healthy 628 (83.3) 63 (8.4) 63 (8.4) 1084 (79.2) 122 (8.9) 162 (11.8) 0.03
 Can’t be transmitted by mosquito or other insect bites 480 (63.8) 173 (23.0) 100 (13.3) 638 (46.6) 435 (31.8) 295 (21.6) <0.001
 Can’t be transmitted by bewitchment/curses or supernatural means 652 (86.6) 34 (4.5) 67 (8.9) 1159 (84.9) 56 (4.1) 151 (11.1) 0.28
 Can’t be transmitted by sharing food with HIV infected person 656 (87.1) 36 (4.8) 61 (8.1) 1141 (83.4) 82 (6.0) 145 (10.6) 0.03
 Can be transmitted by having sex without condom 726 (96.6) 4 (0.5) 21 (2.8) 1338 (98.0) 11 (0.8) 17 (1.2) 0.08
Knowledge about PMTCTa
 HIV can be transmitted to child during pregnancy 330 (43.7) 298 (39.5) 127 (16.8) 544 (39.7) 537 (39.2) 288 (21.0) 0.08
 HIV can be transmitted to child during delivery 670 (88.7) 22 (2.9) 63 (8.3) 1265 (92.4) 34 (2.5) 70 (5.1) 0.005
 HIV can be transmitted to child during breastfeeding 653 (86.5) 23 (3.1) 79 (10.5) 1248 (91.2) 30 (2.2) 91 (6.7) 0.001
Do you practise any HIV prevention methods?b 723 (97.8) 16 (2.1)   1347 (99.0) 14 (1.0)   0.04
HIV prevention practices usedb
 Abstinence 260 (35.2) 477 (64.6) 1 (0.1) 478 (35.2) 880 (64.7) 2 (0.2) 0.99
 Faithfulness 510 (69.0) 226 (30.6) 3 (0.4) 1044 (76.7) 316 (23.2) 1 (0.1) <0.001
 Condom use 368 (49.8) 371 (50.2) 0 (0.0) 262 (19.3) 1097 (80.7) 1 (0.1) <0.001
 Circumcision 21 (2.9) 685 (92.8) 32 (4.3) 5 (0.4) 1073 (78.8) 283 (20.8) <0.001
 Others 123 (18.5) 451 (67.9) 90 (13.6) 180 (14.3) 828 (66.8) 231 (18.6) 0.02
  1. Data are n (%) of participants
  2. aFor all questions covering knowledge of modes of HIV transmission, a “yes” indicates correct knowledge. Participants who had not heard of HIV/AIDS (n = 24) were included under “don’t know/not sure”
  3. bParticipants who had not heard of HIV/AIDS (n = 24) were not asked about HIV prevention practice
  4. cTest for difference compares yes vs. no/don’t know/not sure by logit random effects model