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Table 2 Disease parameters in the study population at baseline

From: Results of a hypertension and diabetes treatment program in the slums of Nairobi: a retrospective cohort study

Prevalence and disease parameters
Prevalence Population Male Female P value* M. vs. F.
Hypertension 74.9 % 76.2 % 74 % 0.495
Diabetes 55.6 % 48.6 % 60.1 % 0.002
Disease parameters
  All (n = 726)
  Mean ± SD Male ± SD Female ± SD P value** (95 % CI) M. vs. F.
SBP (mmHg) 151.1 ± 28.9 153.4 ± 27.1 149.7 ± 29.9 0.109 (148.9-154.3)
DBP (mmHg) 89.2 ± 15.5 89.3 ± 15.2 89.2 ± 15.7 0.922 (88.0-90.4)
RBG (mmol/L) 10.9 ± 7.2 11.5 ± 7.3 10.6 ± 7.1 0.332 (10.1-11.8)
  Hypertension only (n = 321)
  Mean ± SD Male ± SD Female ± SD P value**(95 % CI) M. vs. F.
SBP (mmHg) 156.0 ± 28.9 159.7 ± 27.1 152.8 ± 30.0 0.036 (152.7-159.2)
DBP (mmHg) 92.6 ± 15.9 92.9 ± 15.1 92.4 ± 16.7 0.772 (90.8-94.4)
RBG (mmol/L) 6.3 ± 3.7 6.9 ± 3.3 6.0 ± 3.8 0.401 (5.4-7.2)
  Diabetes only (n = 181)
  Mean ± SD Male ± SD Female ± SD P value** (95 % CI) M. vs. F.
SBP (mmHg) 139 ± 26.8 135.2 ± 21.9 141.0 ± 28.9 0.209 (134.7-143.2)
DBP (mmHg) 84.8 ± 14.6 81.8 ± 11.9 86.3 ± 15.6 0.066 (82.4-87.1)
RBG (mmol/L) 12.8 ± 8.6 14.7 ± 9.2 11.7 ± 8.0 0.111 (11.1-14.6)
  Hypertension and diabetes (n = 224)
  Mean ± SD Male ± SD Female ± SD P value** (95 % CI) M. vs. F.
SBP (mmHg) 152.7 ± 27.8 154.0 ± 24.7 152.1 ± 29.2 0.646 (148.8-156.6)
DBP (mmHg) 87.3 ± 14.2 87.4 ± 15.2 87.3 ± 13.8 0.961 (85.3-89.3)
RBG (mmol/L) 11.8 ± 6.5 11.1 ± 5.8 12.2 ± 6.8 0.346 (10.7-12.9)
  1. SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, RBG random blood glucose. HT only, diagnosed with hypertension only; DM only, diagnosed with diabetes only; HT&DM, diagnosed with hypertension and diabetes; SD, standard deviation; 95 % CI, 95 % confidence interval
  2. *P values were calculated using Chi-Square tests
  3. **P values were calculated using unpaired two-tailed T-test