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Table 1 Distribution of demographic and socio-economic variables in samples

From: Socio-economic inequalities in curative health-seeking for children in Egypt: analysis of the 2008 Demographic and Health Survey

Characteristics   All children <5 years old Children with diarrhoea Children with ARI
  Sample size (n) 10,006 840 761
Child age (months) 0–5 (%) 10.5 15.1 11.3
  6–11 12.3 27.8 19.3
  12–23 21.0 27.9 26.7
  24–35 19.4 15.3 15.8
  36–47 18.8 7.5 13.6
  48–59 18.0 6.4 13.3
  X 2 p value*   <0.001 <0.001
Child sex Male (%) 50.6 52.5 52.7
  Female 49.4 47.5 47.3
  X 2 p value*   0.260 0.245
Preceding birth interval <24 months (%) 12.1 11.7 11.7
  24–47 months 33.5 32.1 36.4
  ≥48 months 21.9 21.3 24.1
  Only child 32.5 34.9 27.8
  X 2 p value*   0.527 0.039
Mother’s age group 14–19 (%) 8.0 12.8 9.0
  20–24 33.1 34.4 30.8
  25–29 32.0 29.0 33.2
  30–34 16.6 16.0 17.6
  35–39 8.1 6.1 7.3
  40–49 2.2 1.7 2.1
  X 2 p value*   <0.001 0.670
Mothers’ household status Female head (%) 81.9 81.2 81.8
  X 2 p value*   0.626 0.947
Number of children <5 in household 1 (%) 39.5 43.0 39.7
  2 44.2 41.4 43.7
  3 or 4 16.3 15.6 16.6
  X 2 p value*   0.167 0.967
Region Urban (%) 36.5 39.5 41.3
  Rural 63.5 60.5 58.7
  X 2 p value*   0.139 0.048
Month of interview March (%) 22.5 33.2 42.0
  April 51.9 44.8 44.1
  May/June 25.6 22.0 13.9
  X 2 p value*   <0.001 <0.001
Socio-cultural capital Mean 0.016 −0.004 −0.044
  SE 0.013 0.026 0.030
  T test p value**   0.502 0.150
Economic capital Mean 0.047 0.029 0.019
  SE 0.014 0.026 0.028
  T test p value**   0.220 0.052
  1. SE standard error. Complex survey design (weighting, clustering and stratification) was accounted for in calculations of proportions and sample sizes reported. ARI cough with difficulty breathing which is chest related
  2. *Testing the hypothesis that users children for whom symptoms of diarrhoea/ARI in the two-week period before the survey were reported were drawn from the same population as children without these symptoms
  3. ** T test p value testing that the difference in mean scores between children with and without symptoms of diarrhoea or ARI was 0