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Table 4 Patient costs of accessing ART (patient’s perspective) (US$)

From: Costs of HIV/AIDS treatment in Indonesia by time of treatment and stage of disease

CD4 level at the start of ART   Estimated average per visit access costs Monthly household expenditure
Average transportation cost Average estimated productivity loss Average fee for clinic Average per visit total costs
0 – 200 (n = 17)a,b 5.9 (0–12.2) 1.1 (0.5–1.7) 2.4 (2.0–2.7) 9.6 (2.9 – 16.3) 71.4 (41.9 – 101.0)
>200 (n = 23)a,b 4.7 (2.4–7.1) 3.2 (1.8–4.6) 2.2 11.0 (3.7 – 18.3) 147 (72 – 221)
  1. aaverage, b95 % CI