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Table 3 Number and percent of children reported ill, seeking care, and receiving treatment in past 2 weeks by study sample and year

From: The effect of performance-based financing on illness, care-seeking and treatment among children: an impact evaluation in Rwanda

  Intervention group Comparison group
  2005a 2008b Absolute changec 2005a 2008b Absolute changec
  N % N % % N % N % %
Reported illness           
 Diarrhea 218 13.4 270 13.4 0.0 154 15.6 151 12.4 −3.2
 Fever 437 26.8 426 21.2 −5.6* 247 25.1 276 22.7 −2.4
 ARI 305 18.9 376 18.7 −0.2 177 18.2 212 17.5 −0.7
Facility consultation among those sick
 Diarrhea 35 16.4 87 32.5 16.1** 18 12.0 36 23.7 11.7*
 Fever 108 24.8 146 35.7 10.9* 66 27.0 96 35.7 8.7
 ARI 90 29.4 98 27.1 −2.3 47 27.0 70 35.3 8.3
Treatment among those who received facility consultationd
 For diarrhea:           
  ORT 22 61.9 56 64.4 2.5 11 61.8 26 73.0 11.2
  Antibiotics 18 52.1 23 26.8 −25.3 9 49.9 11 29.9 −20.0
 For fever:           
  Fever reducer 46 42.4 73 50.5 8.1 29 46.6 43 45.4 −1.2
  Antimalarial 22 20.4 16 11.3 −9.1 19 29.6 14 14.7 −14.9
  1. Denominators (not shown) change by study sample, year, and outcome
  2. aT-tests found no statistical difference between the intervention and comparison groups at baseline
  3. bT-tests found no statistical difference between the intervention and comparison groups post-intervention
  4. cT-tests for differences between 2005 and 2008; *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01
  5. dInsufficient numbers to calculate test statistic