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Table 5 OLS regression models explaining log hours of home care by payer

From: Who pays for home care? A study of nationally representative data on disabled older Americans

  All sources [A] Public program only Personal only [D] Public & Personal [E]
Medicare only [B] Medicaid [C]
  Coef. S.E. Coef. S.E. Coef. S.E. Coef. S.E. Coef. S.E.
Need for caregiving           
No. of ADL's           
 1-2 −.01 (.08) .50 (.29) .60* (.27) −.06 (.09) −.72 (.37)
 3-4 .34** (.09) .46 (.30) .78** (.29) .22* (.10) −.22 (.38)
 5-6 .92** (.10) .68* (.30) .80* (.32) 1.04** (.12) .28 (.41)
No. of IADL's           
 2-3 .24** (.09) −.23 (.37) .04 (.43) .27** (.10) .21 (.41)
 4-5 .56** (.10) .06 (.36) .07 (.46) .49** (.11) .57 (.36)
 6-8 1.12** (.11) .21 (.37) .54 (.48) 1.22** (.13) .76* (.35)
Age .01 (.00) −.01 (.01) .01 (.01) .01** (.00) .00 (.01)
Demographics           
Female .04 (.06) −.08 (.16) .13 (.17) .03 (.07) .06 (.21)
Race           
 African American .06 (.10) .84** (.23) .05 (.21) −.26 (.16) .09 (.31)
 Other −.28 (.36) −.80 (.59) .05 (.41) −.09 (.39) −1.15 (.87)
Hispanic .44** (.13) 1.04** (.38) .00 (.29) .42* (.17) .54 (.47)
Economic resources           
Education           
 High school grad .02 (.06) .04 (.16) .09 (.18) .03 (.08) −.22 (.22)
 College degree .11 (.09) .00 (.45) .29 (.91) .13 (.10) −.28 (.33)
Family income           
 15,000–29,999 .02 (.08) −.04 (.22) .33 (.31) .05 (.09) .11 (.27)
 30,000–49,999a .12 (.12) .19 (.44) −.69 (.89) .09 (.13) .29 (.61)
 50,000–74,999 .09 (.16) .17 (.66) (var omitted)a −.05 (.17) .82 (.55)
 75,000+ .69** (.17) −.51 (.48) (var omitted)a .74** (.17) −.25 (.46)
 Missing .23** (.08) .18 (.21) .16 (.20) .23* (.10) .46* (.23)
Economic resources           
Home assets           
 Yes, but missing −.01 (.08) .03 (.18) −.12 (.18) .14 (.10) −.25 (.29)
  < 150,000 −.02 (.07) −.09 (.18) −.13 (.19) −.02 (.09) −.07 (.23)
  ≥ 150,000 .12 (.11) .03 (.38) −.47 (.42) .21 (.12) −.15 (.37)
Year           
 1994 .01 (.07) .09 (.19) −.08 (.19) −.11 (.09) .47 (.25)
 1999 −.09 (.08) −.06 (.23) −.25 (.21) −.17 (.10) .41 (.32)
 2004 −.16 (.08) .26 (.28) −.36 (.21) −.30** (.10) .49 (.37)
Informal resources           
Informal care hours           
 9-24 .36** (.11) .12 (.22) −.01 (.27) .33* (.15) .16 (.31)
 1-8 .55** (.10) .41 (.24) .13 (.24) .38** (.13) .27 (.31)
 0 .73** (.10) .55* (.23) .60* (.24) .57** (.13) .52 (.31)
Marital status           
 Single .05 (.13) .14 (.28) .37 (.40) −.03 (.16) −.05 (.47)
 Widowed .19** (.07) −.05 (.21) .21 (.25) .22* (.09) .20 (.25)
 Divorced .08 (.11) .09 (.30) −.02 (.30) −.03 (.14) .08 (.47)
Number of children           
 1 −.10 (.09) .48 (.28) .00 (.29) −.18 (.11) .15 (.29)
 2 −.05 (.08) .19 (.21) .60* (.26) −.15 (.10) −.15 (.28)
 3 .00 (.09) .44 (.27) .02 (.24) −.08 (.12) .26 (.30)
 4+ −.04 (.09) .43 (.24) .04 (.20) −.19 (.12) .27 (.30)
  1. NLTCS, 1989–2004 (all sources model N = 2428, Medicare only N = 335, Medicaid N = 313, personal only N = 1621, public & personal N = 326). Models include state fixed effects
  2. *p < .05, **p < .01
  3. aFamily income was topcoded at $30,000+ in the Medicaid model due to the very small number of respondents with incomes over $30,000 receiving services financed by Medicaid. Therefore, the second income dummy variable gives the difference in the outcome between those with incomes over $30,000 and those in the lowest income category