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Table 3 Means of the attitude toward privacy protection by patient consent in the implementation of inter-hospital EPR exchange among users; multivariate GLM test (controlling for all other variables, total n = 379)

From: Attitudes toward inter-hospital electronic patient record exchange: discrepancies among physicians, medical record staff, and patients

Variables d Physician a Medical record staff b Patient c
(n = 155) (n = 28) (n = 196)
Mean P Mean P Mean P
Personal Characteristics       
Gender   0.113   0.027*   0.232
Male 3.834   4.401   4.430  
Female 4.133   3.686   4.555  
Age   0.837   0.002**   0.041*
25    3.322   4.565  
26-35 3.807   4.603   4.516  
36-45 (36 for medical record staff) 4.141   4.205   4.512  
46-55 4.031     4.382  
56-64 3.514     4.309  
65      4.173  
Experience of computer use   0.252   0.011*   0.186
Never or <1 year      4.209  
1-3 years (3 years for physician) 3.724     4.442  
4-6 years (6 years for medical record staff) 3.815   3.740   4.459  
7-9 years 3.734   4.609   4.395  
10 years 4.005   3.782   4.592  
Work Characteristics       
Job seniority   0.017*   0.021*   
<1 year 3.414   4.401    
1-5 years 3.581   4.613    
6-10 years 4.085   3.424    
11-15 years (11 years for medical record staff) 4.490   3.736    
16 years 4.321      
Human Aspects       
Reason to use EMR   <0.001***     
Convenient to access medical information 4.089      
Useful for work 4.053      
Not prefer handwriting 3.943      
EMR is mandatory 3.539      
No use and no benefit 2.742      
Other 3.393      
Level of concerns   <0.001***   0.002**   <.001***
Low 3.644   3.522   4.177  
High 4.172   4.565   4.696  
Technology Aspects       
Usefulness of functions   0.012*   0.547   0.270
Low 3.725   3.956   4.410  
High 4.128   4.131   4.541  
Major information source of this EPR       0.017*
Friend or colleague      4.485  
Internet      4.701  
Government institution      3.801  
Relative      4.977  
Hospital      4.188  
Other      4.627  
Never heard of      4.582  
  1. a R2 = 0.2516
  2. b R2 = 0.8329
  3. c R2 = 0.1946
  4. d Only variables statistically significant are shown
  5. * p <0.05, ** p <0.01, *** p <0.001