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Table 3 Indications for first ED visit and hospitalization

From: Emergency department and inpatient health care utilization among patients who require interpreter services

Visit Indication IS Patients No. (%) Non-IS Patients No. (%) P value
ED n = 449 n = 292 .2043
Musculoskeletal 98 (21.8) 63 (21.6)
Infection 77 (17.1) 44 (15.1)
Gastrointestinal 71 (15.8) 34 (11.6)
Neurologic 39 (8.7) 17 (5.8)
Trauma, assault 38 (8.5) 26 (8.9)
Opthalmologic, dental, dermatology, ENT 34 (7.6) 22 (7.5)
Cardiovascular 25 (5.6) 21 (7.2)
Respiratory 20 (4.5) 14 (4.8)
Renal, genitourinary, urinary 19 (4.2) 17 (5.8)
Psychiatric, substance abuse, drug overdose 10 (2.2) 13 (4.5)
Hematologic, PE, DVT 3 (0.7) 3 (1.0)
Study, drug reactions, allergy, other 5 (1.1) 4 (1.4)
Functional symptoms, falls 4 (0.9) 11 (3.8)
Diabetes mellitus, endocrine 6 (1.3) 3 (1.0)
Hospitalization n = 285 n = 201 .0151
Infection 51 (17.9) 19 (9.5)
Musculoskeletala 45 (15.8) 48 (23.9)
Gastrointestinal 40 (14.0) 25 (12.4)
Cardiovascular 28 (9.8) 30 (14.9)
Neurologic 25 (8.8) 15 (7.5)
Psychiatric, substance abuse, drug overdose 17 (6.0) 18 (9.0)
Renal, genitourinary, urinary 17 (6.0) 6 (3.0)
Trauma, assault 16 (5.6) 6 (3.0)
Opthalmologic, dental, dermatologic, ENT 16 (5.6) 6 (3.0)
Hematologic, PE, DVT 11 (3.9) 10 (5.0)
Respiratory 10 (3.5) 7 (3.5)
Study, drug reactions, allergy, other 4 (1.4) 6 (3.0)
Diabetes mellitus, endocrine 3 (1.1) 2 (1.0)
  1. DVT deep venous thrombosis, ED emergency department, ENT, ear-nose-throat, IS interpreter services; PE pulmonary embolism
  2. aincludes elective arthroplasties (IS n = 6; non-IS n = 18)