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Table 2 Socio demographic characteristics of participants

From: Strengthening adherence to Anti Retroviral Therapy (ART) monitoring and support: operation research to identify barriers and facilitators in Nepal

Socio-demographics Number (n=404) Percentage (%)
Gender
Male 210 52.0
Female 192 47.5
Third gender 2 0.5
Age
<35 years 179 44.4
≥35 years 225 55.6
Residence (according to development region)
Eastern 37 9.2
Central 117 29.0
Western 121 30.0
Far western 115 28.5
Mid western 14 3.5
Caste (ethnicity)
Brahmin 47 11.6
Chettry 117 29.0
Tharu 9 2.2
Dalit 66 16.3
Janjati 144 35.6
Others 21 5.2
Religion   
Hindu 324 80.2
Buddhist 47 11.6
Muslim 10 2.5
Christian 20 4.9
Others 3 0.7
Marital status
Married 337 83.5
Unmarried 42 10.3
Divorced 2 0.5
Separated 11 2.7
Others 12 3.0
Education
Can’t read and write 105 26.0
Read and write 63 15.6
Primary 75 18.6
Lower secondary 65 16.1
Secondary 66 16.3
Higher secondary or higher 30 7.4
Family income source
Agriculture 171 42.3
Service 96 23.8
Business 44 10.9
Labor 53 13.1
Others 40 9.9
Family total income (NRs) /month#
<5000 189 46.7
5000-9999 127 31.4
≥10000 88 21.9
Employment status
Employed 263 65.1
Unemployed 141 34.9
Time to reach the ART clinic
<30 minutes 116 28.8
30 minutes-1 hour 108 26.8
1-2 hours 83 20.5
≥2 hours 97 24.0
Smoking habit
No 322 79.6
Yes 82 20.4
Drug uses** habit
No 374 92.5
Yes 30 7.5
Disclosure of HIV status
Yes 318 78.7
No 86 21.3
Infected duration
<1 year 82 20.3
1-4 years 227 56.1
≥5 years 95 23.5
Treatment duration
<1 year 161 39.9
1-4 years 227 56.2
≥5 years 16 4.0
  1. #1 Nepalese Rupees (NRs) = 0.0113770 USD (as of 3rd March 2013 from http://www.xe.com/currencyconverter/).
  2. **Drug use includes marijuana, injecting drugs or other habitual drugs.