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Table 4 Regression-adjusted odds ratios on resource utilization between atypical and typical cohort (atypical vs. typical)

From: Health care resource utilization and direct medical costs for patients with schizophrenia initiating treatment with atypical versus typical antipsychotics in Tianjin, China

Variable Before matching N = 1131 After matching N = 800
OR 95% CI p-value OR 95% CI p-value
Medical service       
Any psychiatric hospitalization 0.58 0.44-0.75 <0.001 0.66 0.49-0.89 0.006
Any psychiatric clinical visit 2.19 1.64-2.93 <0.001 1.81 1.32-2.50 <0.001
Use of concomitant medication       
Any use of anxiolytics 0.43 0.31-0.60 <0.001 0.37 0.26-0.53 <0.001
Any use of anticholinergics 0.24 0.18-0.31 <0.001 0.26 0.19-0.35 <0.001
Any use of antidepressants 1.64 1.18-2.28 0.003 1.49 1.01-2.20 0.044
Any use of sedative-hypnotics 1.89 1.45-2.46 <0.001 2.11 1.55-2.88 <0.001
Any use of mood stabilizers 1.11 0.75-1.64 0.605 1.09 0.69-1.72 0.706
  1. Logistic regressions adjusted for baseline characteristics including demographics (age, gender and retired), mental comorbidities, concomitant medication, prior resource utilization and costs during baseline. Bold type indicates statistical significance.