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Table 4 Adjusted* differences intervention group and control group in mean costs (by cost category) and QALY (n = 278)

From: Cost-utility analysis of a preventive home visit program for older adults in Germany

  Difference (Intervention – control) Bootstrapped standard error p value
Total cost [€] 4,400.52 3,019.61 0.15
Inpatient services [€] 944.82 1,088.66 0.39
Outpatient, physician services [€] 405.59 186.95 0.03**
Outpatient, non-physician services [€] −7.16 230.32 0.98
Medication [€] −60.03 220.42 0.79
Medical devices [€] −159.15 207.07 0.44
Nursing home [€] 1.15 1,227.12 0.99
Ambulatory care [€] −316.44 740.52 0.67
Informal care [€] 4,968.09 2,343.03 0.03**
Modification of buildings [€] 340.78 223.98 0.13
Transport [€] 9.01 27.45 0.74
QALY 0.0061 0.0388 0.88
  1. *Adjusted for study region, age and gender as well as for baseline HRQL, 12-month costs at baseline, cognition, basic and instrumental abilities of daily living and depressive symptoms by OLS regression; **p ≤ 0.05.