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Table 1 Brief characteristics of the study countries

From: HIV service delivery models towards ‘Zero AIDS-related Deaths’: a collaborative case study of 6 Asia and Pacific countries

  Cambodia Myanmar Nepal PNG Thailand Vietnam
General information       
 Total area (sq km) 181,035 678,500 136,801 459,854 514,000 329,560
 Population (m.) (2009) 15 50 29 7 68 87
 No. of provinces/Zones 24 14 14 20 76 63
 No. of districts/Townships 77 330 75 89 878 697
 Adult literacy rate (%) (2008) 78 92 58 60 94 93
 Income level Low Low Low Lower middle Upper middle Lower middle
 GNI per capita (US$) (2009) 650 - 440 1,180 3,760 1,010
HIV epidemic       
 Estimated number of PLHIV as of 2010 56,200 226,000 70,000 54,000 517,000 254,000
 HIV prevalence**       
 Adults (aged 15–49) 0.6 (2011) 0.53 (2011) 0.3 (2011) 0.8 (2011) 1.3 0.4
 People who inject drugs (PWID) 24.4 (2007) 21.9 (2011) 6.3 (2011) Not available 38.7 (2009) 18.4 (2009)
 Female sex workers (FSW) 13.9 (2010) 9.4 (2011) 1.7 (2011) 17.8 (2010) 2.8 (2009) 3.2 (2009)
 Men who have sex with men (MSM) 2.1 (2010) 7.8 (2011) 3.8 (2009) Not available 13.5 (2009) 16.7 (2009)
HIV program coverage**       
 ART coverage (%) 89.5 (2011) 43.8 (2011) 23.7 (2011) 61.2 (2011) 64.6 (2011) 54.0 (2011)
 HIV-positive women who received ARV to reduce the risk of mother-to-child HIV transmission (%) 63.5 (2011) 54.5 (2010) 12.2 (2011) 12.3 (2011) 94.0 (2011) 44.0 (2011)
 TB cases who received ART and TB treatment (%) 32.7 (2011) Not available Not available 25.1 (2011) 29.8 (2011) 30.1 (2011)
Key populations reached by HIV prevention program**       
 Female sex workers (%) 81.5 (2010) 76.2 (2008) 60.0 (2011) 36.4 (2010) 56.9 (2010) 47.3 (2009)
 Men who have sex with men(%) 69.5 (2010) 69.1 (2009) 77.3 (2009) 66.6 (2010) 49.2 (2010) 24.0 (2009)
 People who inject drugs (PWID) (Number syringe distributed per injecting drug user per year) 120.2 (2011) 123 (2011) 71.4 (2011) Not available 9.8 (2010) 140 (2011)
HIV testing coverage among key populations**       
 Female sex workers 81.5 (2010) 71.1 (2008) 54.6 (2011) 46.4 (2010) 50.4 (2010) 43.8 (2011)
 Men who have sex with men 34.0 (2010) 47.6 (2009) 42.0 (2009) 55.8 (2010) 29.2 (2010) 30.2 (2011)
 People who inject drugs 35.3 (2007) 27.3 (2008) 21.4 (2011) Not available 40.8 (2010) 29.1 (2011)
  1. Remark: GNI: Gross national income.
  2. **AIDS Progress Report, 2012 of Cambodia [19], Myanmar [20], Nepal [21], PNG [22], Thailand [23], and Vietnam [24].