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Table 3 Patient characteristics, facility characteristics and institutional factors associated with treatment effectiveness

From: The role of institutions on the effectiveness of malaria treatment in the Ghanaian health sector

Independent variables    
Odds ratios P-value 95% confidence Interval
X 2i – Patient characteristics     
Age 1.01 .024 1.001 1.041
Gender (Female) 0.83 .470 0.720 1.211
Primary Education 0.89 .815 0.759 1.085
Junior Secondary School 1.02 .005 1.005 1.601
Senior Secondary School 1.46 .018 1.448 1.972
Tertiary Education 1.52 .005 1.518 2.090
Formal 1.55 .004 1.519 2.188
Informal 0.82 .084 0.684 1.017
Farmer 0.88 .375 0.734 1.129
X 3i – Facility characteristics
Greater Accra Region 2.28 .000 2.072 2.671
Ashanti Region 0.99 .912 0.894 1.767
Teaching Hospital 6.33 .000 6.670 6.933
Regional Hospital 0.57 .010 0.503 0.914
District Hospital 0.98 .807 0.968 1.358
Number of nurses 0.99 .257 0.992 2.061
Number of doctors 0.99 .400 0.839 1.354
X 4i – Institutional Factors
Quality of items procured 1.13 .481 1.078 1.857
Professional development 1.16 .371 1.153 2.061
Information flow to health workers 1.04 .018 1.007 1.567
Internal decentralization 1.39 .304 0.938 1.410
Information flow from government 2.37 .004 2.085 2.398
Job Satisfaction 0.87 .793 0.788 1.210
  1. Variables with bold P-values are statistically significant at 5 percent significant level.