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Table 3 Predictors of tobacco screening

From: Missed opportunities for brief intervention in tobacco control in primary care: patients’ perspectives from primary health care settings in India

Variable Screened for tobacco use
Unadjusted OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR (95% CI)
Age 1.00 (0.99 to 1.01) NA
Sex   
Female 1 NA
Male 1.16 (0.86 to 1.56)
Marital Status   
Not married 1 NA
Married 0.97 (0.71 to 1.33)
Education   
Uneducated 1 NA
Less than primary 1.07 (0.78 to 1.47)
Primary but less than secondary 1.25 (0.90 to 1.74)
Secondary and above 1.22 (0.79 to 1.89)
Caste   
SC 1 1
ST 0.92 (0.57 to 1.49) 0.84 (0.50 to 1.40)
OBC 0.74 (0.54 to 1.02) 0.71 (0.50 to 1.00)
General 0.68 (0.47 to 0.97)* 0.60 (0.40 to 0.88) *
Poverty   
Above poverty line 1 NA
Below poverty line 0.87 (0.67 to 1.14)
Area of residence   
Rural 1 NA
Urban 1.12 (083 to 1.53)
Employment   
Unemployed 1 NA
Employed 0.47 (0.16 to 1.32)
Number of quit attempts in the past 12 months   
0 1 1
1 to 5 1.46 (1.12 to 1.90) ** 1.54 (1.16 to 2.05) **
>5 1.89 (1.03 to 3.47) * 1.99 (1.03 to 3.85) *
Form of tobacco   
Smoked tobacco 1 1
Smokeless tobacco 0.76 (0.58 to 0.99) * 1.08 (0.79 to 1.48)
Both 0.93 (0.56 to 1.56) 0.92 (0.53 to 1.58)
Presenting Illness   
General Ailments 1 1
Respiratory complaints 2.16 (1.58 to 2.95) *** 1.84 (1.30 to 2.62) ***
Obstetric & Gynaecological 1.42 (0.76 to 2.66) 1.43 (0.70 to 2.90)
Chronic conditions 1.30 (0.59 to 2.89) 1.05 (0.44 to 2.52)
Others 1.20 (0.82 to 1.76) 0.97 (0.63 to 1.50)
Number of visits in the past 12 months   
1 or 2 times 1 1
3 to 5 times 1.43 (1.07 to 1.90) * 1.25 (0.92 to 1.71)
6 times or more 1.74 (1.23 to 2.46) ** 1.39 (0.94 to 2.05)
Healthcare provider seen   
Physician 1 1
Non-physician 0.49 (0.35 to 0.67) *** 0.48 (0.34 to 0.68) ***
  1. OR = Odds Ratio; 95% CI = 95% Confidence Intervals; *p < 0.05; **p ≤ 0.01; ***p ≤ 0.001.