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Table 6 Multiple linear regression model on the total health care costs per year in an elderly population (≥65 years of age) (n = 229493)

From: Multimorbidity, health care utilization and costs in an elderly community-dwelling population: a claims data based observational study

Total health care costs
  B (95% CI) Sign.
Age group by male gender   
65-69 (male) 1.000  
70-74 (male) 1.086 (1.070 - 1.102) ***
75-79 (male) 1.103 (1.085 - 1.120) ***
80-84 (male) 1.090 (1.071 - 1.110) ***
85+ (male) 1.057 (1.036 - 1.080) ***
Age group by female gender   
65-69 (female) 1.000  
70-74 (female) 1.011 (0.983 - 1.040)  
75-79 (female) 0.967 (0.939 - 0.996) *
80-84 (female) 0.920 (0.891 - 0.951) ***
85+ (female) 0.879 (0.848 - 0.912) ***
Number of chronic conditions 1.326 (1.324 - 1.329) ***
Linguistic region   
German 1.000  
French 0.991 (0.981 - 1.001)  
Italian 0.977 (0.964 - 0.990) ***
Rhaeto-Romanic 0.994 (0.915 - 1.080)  
Purchasing power   
1 (high) 1.000  
2 0.966 (0.955 - 0.977) ***
3 0.934 (0.923 - 0.945) ***
4 0.905 (0.895 - 0.916) ***
5 (low) 0.866 (0.856 - 0.876) ***
Deductible class 0.817 (0.808 - 0.826) ***
Managed care 0.998 (0.991 - 1.006)  
Accident coverage 1.000 (0.974 - 1.026)  
Nursing dependency 1.980 (1.952 - 2.007) ***
Total health care costs in 2012 1.464 (1.459 - 1.468) ***
R2 .617  
  1. ***p-value <0.001 **p-value <0.01 *p-value <0.05.