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Table 4 Average 3-year cumulative cost for incident DFU cases, by year, 2009–2011 (2011 CAD$)

From: Economic burden of illness associated with diabetic foot ulcers in Canada

Type of care Year 1   Year 2   Year 3   3-year cost
Acute institutional care        
Admissions $11,492   $4,766   $2,699   $18,957
ER visits $370   $122   $88   $580
Procedures $746   $321   $154   $1,221
Subtotal – acute $13,031   $5,314   $3,040   $20,758
Non-acute care by residency status, (%)
At Home (no LTC, no home care) $0 (32.9%) $0 (49.3%) $0 (55.8%) $0
New to long-term care $3,568 (17.0%) $2,505 (11.9%) $1,761 (8.4%) $7,835
Resides in long-term care $1,245 (12.0%) $1,237 (11.9%) $1,104 (10.6%) $3,587
Used home care: $8,535 (38.2%) $6,006 (26.9%) $5,639 (25.2%) $20,180
 Home care - direct medical $3,791   $2,668   $2,505   $8,964
 informal caregiver $4,744   $3,338   $3,134   $11,217
Subtotal - non-acute $13,349 (100%) $9,749 (100%) $8,504 (100%) $31,602
Total cost $26,380   $15,063   $11,544   $52,360
Total Cost - direct medical $21,212   $11,619   $8,312   $41,143
Total Cost - informal care $4,744   $3,338   $3,134   $11,217
  1. Index year for incidence cohort was 2009, with previous 2 years without DFU diagnosis in any record.
  2. Costs exclude outpatient billings for non-home care and non-LTC cases.
  3. 59% of cohort had year 2 costs, 47% of cohort had year 3 costs.