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Table 1 General characteristics and catastrophic health expenditure

From: Association between chronic disease and catastrophic health expenditure in Korea

Variables Catastrophic health expenditure occurrence Catastrophic health expenditure non-occurrence Total p-value
By household By household
Frequency % Frequency %
Sex of head of household       <.0001
Male 188 3.2 5,752 96.8 5,940  
Female 60 5.6 1,006 94.4 1,066  
Age of head of household (years)       <.0001
20-39 6 0.4 1,458 99.6 1,464  
40-59 42 1.3 3,216 98.7 3,258  
60-79 183 8.5 1,980 91.5 2,163  
Economic level of household       <.0001
Third quintile 4 0.2 2,332 99.8 2,336  
Second quintile 17 0.7 2,392 99.3 2,409  
First quintile 227 10.0 2,034 90.0 2,261  
Education level of head of household       <.0001
Less than elementary school 123 8.1 1,399 91.9 1,522  
Middle school 41 4.9 803 95.1 844  
High school 53 2.2 2,357 97.8 2,410  
Greater than college 31 1.4 2,199 98.6 2,230  
Head of household’s job type       <.0001
Regular employee 44 1.7 2,587 98.3 2,631  
Temporary employee 46 3.6 1,234 96.4 1,280  
Employer or owner/operator 122 4.9 2,357 95.1 2,479  
Unpaid family worker 2 3.6 53 96.4 55  
Household composition       <.0001
Adult household (15–624 years old) 206 3.3 6,098 96.7 6,304  
Senior citizen who lives alone 24 15.4 131 84.6 155  
Elderly household 11 27.5 29 72.5 40  
Type of medical insurance       0.6761
Self-employed or employees 230 3.5 6,355 96.5 6,585  
Medical aid beneficiaries 14 4.1 323 95.9 337  
Uninsured, self-pay 4 4.8 80 95.2 84  
Chronic disease present in household?       <.0001
Yes 242 4.6 4,996 95.4 5,238  
No 6 0.3 1,761 99.7 1,767  
Total 248 3.5 6,758 96.5 7,006