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Table 1 Characteristics of back pain patients visiting an academic emergency department ( n= 52)

From: Teachable moments and missed opportunities for smoking cessation counseling in a hospital emergency department: a mixed-methods study of patient-provider communication

n (%)
  Total Smoker (n = 36) Nonsmoker ( n  = 16 )
Patient characteristics
Age*    
 <40 25 (48.0) 20 (55.5) 5 (31.2)
 ≥40 26 (50.0) 15 (41.6) 11 (68.7)
Sex    
 Male 27 (51.9) 18 (50.0) 9 (56.3)**
 Female 25 (48.1) 18 (50.0) 7 (43.8)
Race    
 White 32 (61.5) 20 (55.6) 12 (75.0)
 Black/African American 18 (34.6) 14 (38.9) 4 (25.0)
 Other 2 (3.8) 2 (5.6) 0 (0)
Marital status    
 Married/domestic partnership 18 (34.6) 9 (25.0) 9 (56.3)
 Not married 34 (65.4) 27 (75.0) 7 (43.8)
Education    
 ≤11 years 13 (25.0) 11 (30.6) 2 (12.5)
 High school/GED 20 (38.5) 16 (44.4) 4 (25.0)
 Some college or greater 19 (36.5) 9 (25.0) 10 (62.5)
Employment status    
 Employed 22 (42.3) 18 (50.0) 4 (25.0)
 Unemployed 30 (57.6) 18 (50.0) 12 (75.0)
Annual income*    
 <$10,000 21 (41.2) 16 (45.7) 5 (31.3)
 $10,000-$29,999 18 (35.3) 14 (40.0) 4 (25.0)
 $30,00-$49,999 7 (13.7) 2 (5.7) 5 (31.3)
 ≥ $50,000 5 (9.8) 3 (8.6) 2 (12.5)
Insurance    
 None 30 (57.7) 22 (61.1) 8 (50.0)
 Private 8 (15.4) 4 (11.1) 4 (25.0)
Medicaid/medicare/charity care 14 (26.9) 10 (27.8) 4 (25.0)
  1. *Values do not add up to total n due to missing data.
  2. **Percentages may total more than 100% due to rounding.