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Table 1 Characteristics of the study sample ( n= 2735; age = 48.00 ± 0.44 years, mean ± SE)

From: Sociodemographic factors associated with the use of mental health services in depressed adults: results from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES)

Characteristic n %
Gender
 Men 782 33.5
 Women 1953 66.5
Age group, years
 19–34 459 24.8
 35–49 703 29.7
 50–64 745 25.1
  ≥ 65 828 20.4
Mental health services use
 Yes 269 9.6
 No 2466 90.4
Residential region
 Urban 1973 80.1
 Rural 762 19.9
Education level, years
  ≤ 6 1146 32.7
 7–9 336 12.0
 10–12 773 35.0
  ≥ 13 467 20.3
Marital status
 Married 1793 63.5
 Widowed 468 12.9
 Divorced 150 5.9
 Never married 314 17.7
Employment status
 Employed 1348 52.2
 Unemployed 1355 47.8
Monthly household income
  < US$1000 1612 55.2
 US$1000 to < US$3500 566 25.1
  ≥ US$3500 475 19.7
National health insurance type
 National insurance 2469 93.0
 Medical aid 264 7.0
Smoking status
 Current 554 25.1
 Past 412 15.3
 Never 1768 59.6
Alcohol consumption status
 Current 1025 31.2
 Past or never 1708 68.8
Subjective health status
 Very good 65 2.7
 Good 620 24.3
 Fair 836 34.3
 Poor 908 30.0
 Very poor 294 8.7
Perceived usual stress
 Very high 474 17.9
 High 1139 43.0
 Low 936 33.3
 Little 185 5.8
Ever diagnosed with a chronic disease
 Arthritis 613 17.2
 Diabetes 281 7.9
 Hypertension 682 20.3
 Angina 111 2.9
 Asthma 141 4.5
Presence of chronic diseases a
 Yes 1183 35.3
 No 1552 64.7
  1. Note: The sum of numbers in the subgroups does not equal the total number of subjects in this study; subjects with missing values were excluded.
  2. n = unweighted sample size, % = population-weighted proportions, SE = standard error.
  3. aWith one or more of five chronic diseases: arthritis, diabetes, hypertension, angina, and asthma.