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Table 2 Health seeking behavior and health characteristics among adults aged 18 years and older and children aged 5 years and under

From: Distance decay and persistent health care disparities in South Africa

  (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6)
  Black African Coloured White
  N Mean N Mean N Mean
Adults aged 18 and older:       
Health consultation in last year 9533 0.441 1838 0.621*** 701 0.598***
Used private doctor or facility 4379 0.335 1143 0.464*** 452 0.806***
Covered by medical insurance 9797 0.078 1896 0.161*** 705 0.677***
Self-reports poor or fair health 9792 0.210 1901 0.219 709 0.130***
Obese (measured) 8543 0.262 1564 0.305*** 494 0.344***
Measured hypertension 9053 0.323 1687 0.459*** 540 0.443***
Aware of hypertension 3356 0.378 846 0.428** 276 0.526***
Children aged 5 and under:       
Skilled attendant at birth 2559 0.546 381 0.734*** 63 0.981***
  1. Authors’ calculation using NIDS and health facility data and post-stratification weights. The sample of adults aged 18 years and older excludes the small minority (8%) of individuals who moved recently (since 2006). The sample of children aged 5 years and younger excludes the small minority (10%) of children who have moved since they were born. Asterisks in columns 4 and 6 indicate whether Black African means are statistically significantly different from Coloured and White means respectively at the 1% (***) and 5% (**) level.