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Table 3 Multivariate analysis for participants with a chronic disease a (dependent variable: forgone care because of costs or unavailability)

From: Association between forgone care and household income among the elderly in five Western European countries – analyses based on survey data from the SHARE-study

  Odds Ratios b (95% confidence interval)
  France Germany Greece Italy Sweden
(n)c (160) (118) (167) (141) (88)
Income-Quintiles      
- 5th (high) 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
- 4th 0.73
(0.42–1.29)
1.42
(0.77–2.60)
1.26
(0.73–2.18)
0.80
(0.49–1.33)
0.59
(0.30–1.17)
- 3rd 1.25
(0.74–2.09)
1.29
(0.70–2.40)
1.68
(0.98–2.88)
0.71
(0.41–1.22)
0.38
(0.15–0.93)
- 2nd 1.68
(1.01–2.79)
1.29
(0.66–2.50)
1.68
(0.96–2.93)
0.87
(0.49–1.54)
1.04
(0.54–2.00)
- 1st (low) 1.46
(0.85–2.52)
1.98
(1.08–3.63)
1.95
(1.11–3.40)
0.85
(0.49–1.48)
1.33
(0.72–2.48)
  1. a) at least one disease among a list of 12 doctor diagnosed diseases (see methods)
  2. b) model includes the independent variables income, age, sex, self assessed health
  3. c) number of persons with forgone care (because of costs or unavailability)