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Table 2 Number and Percentage of deaths after six months of follow-up according to intermediate care typology and characteristics of subjects

From: Hospital discharge planning and continuity of care for aged people in an Italian local health unit: does the care-home model reduce hospital readmission and mortality rates?

   DPCH  
  Routine care Followed by LTCI Not followed by LTCI p-value (Log-Rank test*)
  49 (45.8%) 10 (10.1%) 39 (22.4%)  
Gender     
Female 22 (37.3%) 4 (6.1%) 18 (16.7%) 0.002
Male 27 (56.3%) 6 (18.2%) 21 (31.8%)  
Age (years)     
64–74 18 (52.9%) 1 (5.0%) 3 (13.0%) 0.488
75–84 18 (46.2%) 4 (9.5%) 19 (20.4%)  
85+ 13 (38.2%) 5 (13.5%) 17 (29.3%)  
Living arrangement     
Living alone 20 (45.5%) 5 (9.8%) 17 (18.7%) 0.570
Living with at least a relative 25 (52.1%) 3 (8.6%) 17 (27.0%)  
Caregiver 4 (26.7%) 2 (15.4%) 5 (25.0%)  
Pension     
<750 euro 28 (44.4%) 4 (7.8%) 26 (23.0%) 0.751
750 euro 21 (47.7%) 6 (12.5%) 13 (21.7%)  
Primary diagnosis at admission     
Cardio-circulatory diseases 11 (42.3%) 2 (7.7%) 6 (13.0%) <0.001
Injury and poisonings 0 (0.0%) 1 (5.3%) 8 (18.2%)  
Cancers 24 (77.4%) 2 (22.2%) 7 (50.0%)  
Diseases of the respiratory system 3 (33.3%) 1 (10.0%) 8 (38.1%)  
Diseases of the digestive system 2 (33.3%) 1 (14.3%) 2 (14.3%)  
Other diseases 9 (32.1%) 3 (10.7%) 8 (22.9%)  
ADL at hospital admission     
Independent 4 (40.0%) 1 (6.7%) 3 (25.0%) 0.030
Partially dependent 26 (47.3%) 7 (8.9%) 27 (20.0%)  
Totally dependent 19 (45.2%) 1 (25%) 9 (37.5%)  
IADL at hospital admission     
Independent 1 (16.7%) 1 (7.7%) 3 (13.0%) 0.324
Partially dependent 21 (63.6%) 3 (6.0%) 15 (26.3%)  
Totally dependent 27 (39.7%) 5 (14.3%) 21 (22.8%)  
Cognitive deterioration     
Absent-light 34 (44.7%) 8 (10.1%) 28 (22.0%) 0.603
Moderate 13 (59.1%) 2 (11.1%) 6 (20.7%)  
Severe 2 (22.2%) 0 (0.0%) 5 (29.4%)  
  1. DPCH; discharge planning relying on a care-home model
  2. LTCI; long term care intervention
  3. ADL; activity of daily living
  4. IADL; instrumental activity of daily living.
  5. * Log-Rank test was applied within the whole follow-up period.