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Table 1 Number and percentage of typology of intermediate care and characteristics of the subjects

From: Hospital discharge planning and continuity of care for aged people in an Italian local health unit: does the care-home model reduce hospital readmission and mortality rates?

   DPCH  
  Routine care Followed by LTCI Not followed by LTCI p-value (Chi-square test)
  n = 107 n = 99 n = 174  
Gender     
Female 59 (55.1%) 66 (66.7%) 108 (62.1%) 0.228
Male 48 (44.9%) 33 (33.3%) 66 (37.9%)  
Age (years)     
64–74 34 (31.8%) 20 (20.2%) 23 (13.2%) 0.003
75–84 39 (36.4%) 42 (42.4%) 93 (53.4%)  
85+ 34 (31.8%) 37 (37.4%) 58 (33.3%)  
Living arrangement     
Living alone 44 (41.1%) 51 (51.5%) 91 (52.3%) 0.427
Living with at least a relative 48 (44.9%) 35 (35.4%) 63 (36.2%)  
Caregiver 15 (14.0%) 13 (13.1%) 20 (11.5%)  
Pension     
<750 euro 63 (58.9%) 51 (51.5%) 113 (65.3%) 0.08
750 euro 44 (41.1%) 48 (48.5%) 60 (34.7%)  
Primary diagnosis at admission     
Cardio-circulatory diseases 26 (24.3%) 26 (26.3%) 46 (26.4%) <0.001
Injury and poisonings 7 (6.5%) 19 (19.2%) 44 (25.3%)  
Cancers 31 (29.0%) 9 (9.1%) 14 (8.0%)  
Diseases of the respiratory system 9 (8.4%) 10 (10.1%) 21 (12.1%)  
Diseases of the digestive system 6 (5.6%) 7 (7.1%) 14 (8.0%)  
Other diseases 28 (26.2%) 28 (28.3%) 35 (20.1%)  
ADL at hospital admission     
Independent 10 (9.3%) 15 (15.3%) 12 (7.0%) <0.001
Partially dependent 55 (51.4%) 79 (80.6%) 135 (78.9%)  
Totally dependent 42 (39.3%) 4 (4.1%) 24 (14.0%)  
IADL at hospital admission     
Independent 6 (5.6%) 13 (13.3%) 23 (13.4%) 0.001
Partially dependent 33 (30.8%) 50 (51.0%) 57 (33.1%)  
Totally dependent 68 (63.6%) 35 (35.7%) 92 (53.5%)  
Cognitive deterioration     
Absent-light 76 (71.0%) 79 (79.8%) 127 (73.4%) 0.165
Moderate 22 (20.6%) 18 (18.2%) 29 (16.8%)  
Severe 9 (8.4%) 2 (2.0%) 17 (9.8%)  
  1. DPCH; discharge planning relying on a care-home model.
  2. LTCI; long term care intervention.
  3. ADL; activity of daily living.
  4. IADL; instrumental activity of daily living.