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Table 1 Cancer Screening Test Guidelines for Asymptomatic Populations (Effective 2003 for Colorectal Cancer and 2006 for Breast and Prostate Cancers)

From: Are U.S. cancer screening test patterns consistent with guideline recommendations with respect to the age of screening initiation?

Panel A: Colorectal Cancer Screening American Cancer Society (2001): - Annual fecal occult blood test ages 50+
   - Or sigmoidoscopy every 5 years starting at age 50
   - Or annual FOBT and flex. Sig. Every 5 years starting at 50
   - Colonoscopy every 10 years starting at age 50
   - Double contrast barium enema every 5 years starting at 50
  United States Preventive Services Task Force (2001-2004): - Screening recommended ages 50+
   - Annual fecal occult blood test and or periodic sigmoidoscopy
Panel B: Prostate Cancer Screening American Cancer Society (2004): - Prostate specific antigen test offered annually to men ages 50+ with 10+ years life expectancy
  United States Preventive Services Task Force (2005): - Insufficient evidence to recommend or not recommend the test
Panel C: Breast Cancer Screening American Cancer Society (2004): - Annual mammography ages 40+
  United States Preventive Services Task Force (2005): - Mammography every 1-2 years ages 40+
  1. Source: ACS Guidelines, Smith et al. (2004). aUSPSTF 2002 (For Colorectal Cancer Screening). bUSPSTF 2002 (For Prostate Cancer Screening) cUSPSTF 2002 (For Breast Cancer Screening)