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Table 3 Multilevel regression analysis of patient satisfaction1 with the prison health services in 29 prisons

From: The prisoner as patient - a health services satisfaction survey

Independent variables Unadjusted2 p Adjusted2 p
Patient level variables     
Age .21 .001 .24 .001
Gender (female = 1) 4.66 .301 5.11 .140
Duration of treatment episode:     
   1-6 months compared with <1 month 1.09 .482 -.17 .919
   > 6 months compared with <1 month 2.34 .192 -1.00 .605
Number of visits in the last three months:     
   2-5 visits in the last three months compared with 1 visit 5.59 < .001 4.56 .004
   6-12 visits in the last three months compared with 1 visit 9.96 < .001 10.58 < .001
   > 12 visits in the last three months compared with 1 visit 11.49 < .001 10.88 < .001
Drug abuse when not incarcerated3 -.63 .150 -.02 .964
Sleeping difficulties3 -3.89 < .001 -2.94 < .001
Self-evaluated physical health3 -2.41 < .001 -1.17 .119
Self-evaluated mental health3 -2.70 < .001 -1.33 .047
Secondary education compared with obligatory/none 1.69 .230 .89 .565
University/college education compared with obligatory/none 5.53 .003 2.25 .278
European compared with Norwegian as first language 1.54 .421 1.22 .567
Non-European compared with Norwegian as first language -.89 .618 1.72 .380
Remand prisoner compared with serving sentence .24 .890 1.45 .456
Preventive detention compared with serving sentence .69 .867 2.51 .559
Prison health service level variables     
Senior staff member's service evaluation:     
   Enough resources compared with not 3.49 .268 7.90 .028
   Doing a good job regarding drug issues compared with not 7.77 .007 9.08 .013
   Doing a good job regarding mental health issues compared with not .14 .968 -6.47 .098
Capacity of prisoners/Full-time staff equivalents -.03 .580 -.04 .586
Prison size (capacity of prisoners) -.02 .214 -.02 .268
Closed prison compared with open prison -2.57 .472 .53 .909
Mixed compared with open prison -2.58 .566 -1.90 .718
Constant    31.77 < .001
Prison-level variance 43.834 .007 38.77 .037
Patient-level variance 454.924 < .001 396.71 < .001
ICC5 9%   9%  
N 1,144(max)   901  
  1. 1 Range from 0 to 100 where 100 is the highest possible level of reported satisfaction
  2. 2 Unstandardized regression coefficients
  3. 3 Range from 0 to 4 where 4 is the highest level of reported difficulties
  4. 4 Prison health service variance and patient-level variance estimates in a model without explanatory variables
  5. 5 The percent of the total variance attributable to the prison level