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Table 2 Characteristics of the regular and standardised O&M-training

From: Effects and feasibility of a standardised orientation and mobility training in using an identification cane for older adults with low vision: design of a randomised controlled trial

Characteristics Regular O&M-training* Standardised O&M-training
Elements: 1. Exploration of client's needst 1. Exploration of client's needst
  2. Providing information, e.g. on walking aids, canes and techniques related to orientation and safe behaviourt 2. Prioritising the client's needsc
  3. Training techniques - related to orientation and safe behaviour -outdoors while using the identification canet, c 3. Providing information, e.g. on walking aids, canes and techniques related to orientation and safe behaviourt
   4. Formulating, performing and evaluating action plansc
   5. Training techniques - related to orientation and safe behaviour -outdoors while using the identification canet, c
   6. formulating action plans/contractingc
Applied techniques: - (Unknown) - Prioritising client's needs
   - Cognitive restructuring
   - Action planning
   - Contracting
   - Providing direct feedback
   - Stimulating individual problem solving/finding realistic solutions
Number of sessions: Variable, mostly 1-2 sessions (range 1-5) 3 sessions
Frequency: Variable, mostly weekly (if multiple sessions were conducted) Every other week
Duration: - Complete training time: - Complete training time:
     ▪ variable (range 60-120 min)    ▪ session 1: 90 min
      ▪ session 2: 80 min
      ▪ session 3: 25 min
  - Training time indoors: - Training time indoors:
     ▪ variable (range 15-60 min)    ▪ session 1: 60 min
      ▪ session 2: 40 min
      ▪ session 3: 25 min
Format of sessions: Face-to-face Session 1 and 2: face-to-face
   Session 3: telephone contact
Location of session: Variable, mostly client's home environment Client's home environment
  1. * Based on information obtained during face-to-face interviews with mobility trainers (n = 18).
  2. t Active role for trainer; c active role for client.