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Table 3 Characteristics of patients, hospitalization and complaints associated with the perception of a medical error in a university hospital of the Public Network of Parisian Hospitals (conditional backward stepwise logistic regression model)

From: Evolution of patients' complaints in a French university hospital: is there a contribution of a law regarding patients' rights?

  Perception of a medical error   Crude OR* Adjusted OR
Variable Yes
n/N (%)
No
n/N (%)
p (95% CI) (95% CI)
Age > 39 39/87 (45) 26/48 (54) 0.299   
Male gender 36/108 (33) 25/56 (45) 0.155 0.6 (0.3 – 1.2) -
Departments functioning on an emergency basis 50/108 (46) 14/56 (25) 0.008 2.6 (1.3 – 5.3) -
Financial compensation 15/64 (23) 2/26 (8) 0.136   
Second period (2001–2004) 86/108 (80) 31/56 (55) 0.001 3.2 (1.6 – 6.4) 2.4 (1.0 – 5.3)
Type of issue    <0.001   
   Substandard care § 48/108 (44) 10/56 (18)   2.4 (1.3 – 4.5) 2.2 (1.1 – 4.2)
   Complication of care 31/108 (29) 24/56 (43)   0.6 (0.4 – 1.1) 0.6 (0.4 – 1.2)
   The adverse effect of a health product 10/108 (9) 18/56 (32)   0.3 (0.1 – 0.5) 0.3 (0.2 – 0.7)
   Non-performance of a required procedure or treatment, other 19/108 (18) 4/56 (7)   - -
Outcomes    0.004   
   Death 17/108 (16) 9/56 (16)   0.85 (0.4 – 1.7) 0.7 (0.3 – 1.5)
   Disability 38/108 (35) 7/56 (13)   2.4 (1.2 – 4.8) 2.4 (1.1 – 4.8)
   Prolonged care 21/108 (19) 9/56 (16)   1.0 (0.5 – 2.0) 1.0 (0.5 – 2.1)
   Other, unknown 32/108 (30) 31/56 (55)   - -
  1. * Odds Ratios
  2. † 95% Confidence Interval
  3. ‡ Obstetrics, gynecology, neonatology and Emergency Departments
  4. §Error/delay in diagnosis or treatment, information or surveillance problem
  5. ¶Results of a surgical or a medical complication, nosocomial infection