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Table 2 Theories, methods and strategies regarding targeted predictors of behaviour

From: Development of a nursing intervention to facilitate optimal antiretroviral-treatment taking among people living with HIV

Predictors/Theories Methods Strategies
Attitudes
(Petty and Cacioppo, 1986 [31]; Petty, Wheeler and Fabrigar, 1997 [33]; Petty, Fabrigar and Wegener, 2003 [32])
Persuasive communication Tailored information
Explanation/reflection or discussion
Constructive feedback on positive attitudes
  Self-persuasion Reflection or discussion
  Conditioning Reward after behaviour
Association of positive thoughts
Self-efficacy/skills
(Bandura, 1997) [30]
Direct experience of mastering issues Self-observation of behaviour: recognition of success
Problem-solving process
Establishing goals
Application of skills/constructive feedback
  Vicarious experiences Modeling: Case history
Self-modeling or visualization
  Verbal persuasion Attribution of cause of mistakes to inadequate strategies or difficulty of task
Allusive feedback (comparison to other groups or norm)
Constructive feedback on acquisition of skills
  Physiological and emotional state Demonstration of impact of negative thoughts on behaviour
Explanation/reflection or discussion on activating emotions
Application of emotion-management skills