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Improving case mix for description and funding in rehabilitation in France: additive model is better than tree-classification

Introduction

Rehabilitation and post-acute geriatry is a large field with a large panel of hospitals in France (1800). The French specific classification Groupes Homogène de Journées (GHJ-280 groups), developed in 1996, is neither good enough for easy use in health politics nor for funding. A new case-mix model, based on the same medical dataset and on analytic cost data, has been developed with a very significant improvement in R2 for cost per day.

Methods

The analytic costs and medical rehab datasets of 32 French hospitals in the rehabilitation field have been used to build a new model. We used linear regression methods with different variables of the medical dataset and a different modality of these variables. Rather than building a new classification tree, we decided to keep the significant variables of the different components of cost (medical, nursing, rehabilitation, logistic) in an additive way. We propose at the end of this step a valorisation model of rehabilitation activity, with a basic amount of activity points for the medical group (70 groups), and additive activity points for the 7 other variables.

Results

The selected model, including 5 qualitative variables (medical group, age, comorbidity, medical objective, full-time or outpatient) and 3 quantitative variables (physical dependence, cognitive dependence, number of different kinds of rehabilitation), improves the R2 for cost variation per day from 30% to 44%.

Conclusion

This new classification, with just a part of it built as a tree (the initial part for medical groups), very significantly improves cost prediction in the rehabilitation field. It also improves the way professionals (medical, physiatric and managerial) consider and accept it for use in planification and the health politic field. The reason is that they can more easily see the specificity of each hospital activity. France will use this model for funding rehabilitation hospitals beginning in 2009.

Author information

Correspondence to Pierre Métral.

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Open Access This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Keywords

  • Medical Group
  • Activity Point
  • Linear Regression Method
  • Medical Objective
  • Rehabilitation Activity