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Table 2 Age-adjusted rate ratios and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) for emergency room utilization by country of origin. Arnau de Vilanova Hospital (Lleida, Spain), 2004–2005.

From: Emergency hospital services utilization in Lleida (Spain): A cross-sectional study of immigrant and Spanish-born populations

  Men Women Women (excluding gynecologic and obstetric diagnoses)
Country of origin Rate ratio 95% CI Rate ratio 95% CI Rate ratio 95% CI
Latin American 1.44 1.35–1.54 1.89 1.81–1.98 1.94 1.85–2.04
Eastern Europe 1.12 1.04–1.22 1.73 1.63–1.83 1.73 1.62–1.85
Maghreb 2.07 1.97–2.16 3.52 3.34–3.71 3.30 3.11–3.50
Sub-Saharan Africa 0.98 0.92–1.04 2.64 2.48–2.81 2.47 2.30–2.65
Other low-income countries 1.09 0.92–1.30 1.15 0.95–1.39 1.12 0.90–1.39
High-income countries 1.83 1.62–2.07 2.27 2.01–2.57 2.32 2.03–2.65
All immigrants (except high-income countries) 1.42 1.38–1.47 2.19 2.13–2.26 2.15 2.08–2.23
  1. Rate ratios and 95% CI were obtained using multivariate Poisson regression models with age as a covariate. Reference country group was Spanish-born.