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Table 3 Results Model 21

From: Measuring and explaining mortality in Dutch hospitals; The Hospital Standardized Mortality Rate between 2003 and 2005

  Mean (SD) Corr. Regression coefficient (standard error)
    Univariable Multilevel Multilevel All2 Pooled OLS All2
Level 1       
Year - -0.45* -8.4 (0.5)* -8.2 (0.5)* -8.3 (0.5)* -8.3 (0.6)*
Discharge procedure - 0.04 0.7 (2.3) - 1.0 (1.9) -0.7 (2.5)
Level 2       
GPs per 10,000 inhabitants 5.3 (0.3) -0.17* -8.1 (3.9)* -10.6 (3.8)* -10.5 (3.9)* -10.2 (3.9)*
SES 0.3 (0.4) -0.04 -1.7 (3.5) - -2.1 (3.4) -1.9 (3.2)
Nursing home beds per 10,000 inhabitants 39.0 (7.1) -0.02 -0.0 (0.2) - -0.0 (0.2) 0.0 (0.2)
Hospital type - 0.26* 15.1 (4.7)* 14.7 (5.9)* 14.5 (6.1)* 15.5 (7.6)*
Teaching status - -0.02 -1.1 (2.7) - -4.8 (3.1) -5.3 (3.0)
Hospital size 483 (245) 0.18* 0.01 (0.0)* -0.0 (0.0) 0.0 (0.0) 0.0 (0.0)
Volume 36.8 (5.3) -0.21* -0.6 (0.2)* -0.2 (0.3) -0.1 (0.3) -0.1 (0.2)
Bed occupancy rate (%) 65.0 (8.8) 0.04 0.1 (0.2) - - -
Beddays for daycases/total beddays (%) 12.6 (2.8) -0.25* -1.4 (0.5)* -0.6 (0.5) -0.6 (0.5) -0.7 (0.5)
Nurses per bed 1.1 (0.2) 0.10 7.1 (6.3) - - -
Doctors per bed 0.3 (0.1) 0.05 6.8 (12.3) - - -
N - - - 271 267 267
ICC - - - 0.66 0.66 -
-2*loglikelihood (IGLS) - - - 2021 1990 -
  1. 1 Y = HSMR (2003 = 100), Corr. = Bivariate Pearson correlation coefficient.
  2. 2 Due to perceived multicollinearity occupancy rate, doctors/bed and nurses/bed were excluded.
  3. * Statistically significant (95% interval)