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Table 5 Analyses for socioeconomic patient characteristics and delay (after exclusion of gender-specific cancers). Univariate and multivariate analyses for socioeconomic patient characteristics and the three delay stages in the patient population after exclusion of gender-specific cancers, accounting for patient clustering within general practitioners. N in each column is the number of answers with complete data with the number of patients with long delays provided in brackets. Results are presented as odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (95%CIs).

From: Socioeconomic patient characteristics predict delay in cancer diagnosis: a Danish cohort study

Predictors Patient delay; OR(95%CI) Doctor delay; OR(95%CI) System delay; OR(95%CI)
   N Univariate N Multivariate N Univariate N Multivariate N Univariate N Multivariate
Gender Female 373(81) 1 124(35) 1 575(53) 1 199(18) 1 428(119) 1 173(44) 1
  Male 471(107) 1.06(0.74 to 1.52) 164(42) 0.77(0.42 to 1.44) 670(77) 1.28(0.87 to 1.88) 233(34) 2.11(1.11 to 4.02) 469(136) 1.06(0.81 to 1.39) 200(54) 1.18(0.73 to 1.93)
Age 18–49 71(19) 0.94(0.52 to 1.71) 36(11) 1.00(0.41 to 2.46) 131(14) 1.19(0.65 to 2.17) 72(7) 0.95(0.37 to 2.42) 116(31) 1.00(0.64 to 66(16) 1.13(0.55 to 2.30)
  50–69 369(103) 1 152(53) 1 526(48) 1 221(27) 1 407(109) 1 192(48) 1
  70+ 404(66) 0.50(0.36 to 0.71) 100(13) 0.30(0.13 to 0.71) 588(68) 1.30(0.91 to 1.86) 139(18) 1.34(0.51 to 3.54) 374(115) 1.21(0.89 to 1.66) 115(34) 1.15(0.50 to 2.63)
Marital status Cohabiting 229(62) 1 204(58) 1 348(42) 1 310(39) 1 304(75) 1 273(66) 1
  Single 103(23) 0.77(0.45 to 1.35) 84(19) 0.98(0.51 to 1.90) 152(17) 0.92(0.51 to 1.64) 122(13) 0.67(0.33 to 1.36) 124(38) 1.35(0.85 to 2.14) 100(32) 1.07(0.60 to 1.89)
Having children Yes 301(74) 1 262(67) 1 450(50) 1 390(46) 1 381(99) 1 334(86) 1
  No 28(10) 1.70(0.75 to 3.86) 26(10) 1.63(0.67 to 3.96) 46(8) 1.68(0.75 to 3.78) 42(6) 1.37(0.52 to 3.59) 43(13) 1.23(0.61 to 2.48) 39(12) 1.14(0.52 to 2.54)
Education < 3 years 178(47) 1 159(43) 1 263(37) 1 234(35) 1 230(59) 1 206(51) 1
  ≥ 3 years 94(26) 1.07(0.59 to 1.93) 90(25) 0.92(0.46 to 1.82) 140(5) 0.23(0.09 to 0.56) 133(5) 0.23(0.09 to 0.63) 120(31) 1.01(0.60 to 1.70) 113(30) 1.45(0.82 to 2.57)
  No 47(11) 0.85(0.40 to 1.83) 39(9) 1.39(0.53 to 3.66) 79(15) 1.43(0.74 to 2.77) 65(12) 1.59(0.74 to 3.41) 66(20) 1.26(0.69 to 2.29) 54(17) 1.20(0.60 to 2.41)
Occupation Working1 122(37) 1 114(35) 1 191(18) 1 177(18) 1 175(39) 1 161(35) 1
  Not working2 43(17) 1.50(0.71 to 3.18) 36(17) 2.22(0.96 to 5.13) 70(11) 1.79(0.79 to 4.04) 57(10) 1.64(0.71 to 3.82) 56(17) 1.52(0.78 to 2.98) 46(15) 1.43(0.66 to 3.09)
  Retirees3 167(31) 0.52(0.30 to 0.93) 138(25) 1.02(0.42 to 2.47) 240(30) 1.02(0.42 to 2.47) 198(24) 0.90(0.32 to 2.52) 198(57) 1.41(0.89 to 2.23) 166(48) 1.01(0.42 to 2.41)
Household income Low/middle 250(61) 1 222(55) 1 377(48) 1 335(44) 1 320(96) 1 286(86) 1
  High 68(22) 1.48(0.79 to 2.77) 66(22) 0.96(0.40 to 2.30) 99(8) 0.60(0.28 to 1.31) 97(8) 1.13(0.40 to 3.16) 88(13) 0.40(0.21 to 0.77) 87(12) 0.36(0.15 to 0.84)
Household fortune Small/medium 188(43) 1 171(39) 1 295(39) 1 272(38) 1 258(78) 1 241(71) 1
  Large 120(38) 1.56(0.95 to 2.58) 117(38) 1.92(1.04 to 3.54) 165(14) 0.61(0.32 to 1.16) 160(14) 0.59(0.30 to 1.18) 136(29) 0.63(0.38 to 1.04) 132(27) 0.76(0.42 to 1.38)
Smoking No 252(62) 1 215(56) 1 376(42) 1 323(37) 1 325(79) 1 282(67) 1
  Yes 82(24) 1.27(0.75 to 2.14) 73(21) 1.06(0.59 to 1.92) 126(17) 1.24(0.66 to 2.31) 109(15) 0.99(0.49 to 1.99) 105(35) 1.56(0.99 to 2.46) 91(31) 1.25(0.70 to 2.22)
Alcohol intake per week4 ≤21 297(73) 1 258(66) 1 449(51) 1 389(46) 1 384(98) 1 335(84) 1
  >21 31(12) 1.94(0.92 to 4.09) 30(11) 1.63(0.70 to 3.79) 45(6) 1.20(0.47 to 3.05) 43(6) 1.43(0.51 to 3.96) 39(14) 1.63(0.81 to 3.30) 38(14) 2.01(0.90 to 4.47)
  1. 1Employed patients, students
  2. 2Unemployed patients, patients on disability retirement, patients on personal leave or sick leave not caused by the cancer, housewives
  3. 3Early retired (age: 60–64) or retired (age: ≥ 65) employee
  4. 4According to recommendations from the Danish National Board of Health: maximum 21 units per week for men and 14 units per week for women