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Table 2 Bivariate and multivariable logistic regression: predictive model of attrition from diabetes self-management education (N = 267)

From: Factors contributing to attrition behavior in diabetes self-management programs: A mixed method approach

  Nonuse of ongoing Diabetes Self-management Education (n = 267)
Characteristic Bivariate OR (95% CL) P-value Multivariable OR (95% CL) P-value
Sex     
   Male 1.00 (referent)   1.00 (referent)  
   Female 0.71 (0.44–1.15) 0.164 0.90 (0.51–1.59) 0.719
Age   0.037   0.013
   ≤ 49 2.23 (1.21–4.12) 0.010 1.47 (0.72–3.00) 0.290
   50–64 1.00 (referent)   1.00 (referent)  
   ≥ 65 1.35 (0.76–2.40) 0.303 3.21 (1.46–7.06) 0.004
Primary language spoken   0.000   0.133
   English 1.00 (referent)   1.00 (referent)  
   Cantonese 0.38 (0.19–0.76) 0.006 0.48 (0.20–1.14) 0.096
   Portuguese 0.36 (0.21–0.62) 0.000 0.49 (0.22–1.10) 0.083
Marital status     
   Single/never married/divorced/widowed 1.00 (referent)   1.00 (referent)  
   Married/living with partner 0.65 (0.37–1.13) 0.125 1.22 (0.61–2.42) 0.574
Education     
   < Grade 9 1.00 (referent)   1.00 (referent)  
   Some high school and up 2.18 (1.33–3.58) 0.002 0.91 (0.45–1.84) 0.790
Employment   0.000   0.000
   Full or part-time work (referent) 1.00 (referent)   1.00 (referent)  
   Unemployed 0.27 (0.15–0.49) 0.000 0.25 (0.13–0.52) 0.000
   Retired 0.30 (0.16–0.56) 0.000 0.23 (0.09 – 0.57) 0.002
Household income (units of $10,000) 1.00 (0.87–1.17) 0.905 0.983 (0.83–1.16) 0.844
Regular primary care physician     
   Yes 2.65 (1.14–6.15) 0.024 3.25 (1.27–8.32) 0.014
   No 1.00 (referent)   1.00 (referent)  
Diabetes symptoms at first visit 0.76 (0.65–0.89) 0.001 0.78 (0.65–0.94) 0.009
  1. Note: The main measure of association used was the odds ratio (OR) with its 95% confidence interval (CI).