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Table 5 Neonatal endpoints according to mode of delivery and CSR group. Belgium 2001–4.

From: Screening for inter-hospital differences in cesarean section rates in low-risk deliveries using administrative data: An initiative to improve the quality of care

   CSR groups  
   High (%) Average (%) Low (%) Total P
1 min Apgar Vaginal         
  < 4 299 1.05 3,169 1.22 672 1.52 4,140 <0.01
  4 – 6 1,512 5.31 12,857 4.95 2,281 5.16 16,650  
  >6 26,680 93.64 243,671 93.83 41,218 93.31 311,569  
  CS         
  < 4 96 1.41 918 2.38 127 2.98 1,141 <0.01
  4 – 6 349 5.14 2,223 5.77 285 6.68 2,857  
  >6 6,351 93.45 35,366 91.84 3,853 90.34 45,570  
5 min Apgar Vaginal         
  < 4 32 0.11 478 0.18 77 0.17 587 <0.01
  4 – 6 180 0.63 2,533 0.98 482 1.09 3195  
  >6 28,279 99.26 256,686 98.84 43,609 98.73 328,574  
  CS         
  < 4 11 0.16 135 0.35 17 0.40 163 <0.01
  4 – 6 51 0.75 564 1.46 88 2.06 703  
  >6 6,734 99.09 37,808 98.18 4,160 97.54 48,702  
RDS Vaginal         
  Absent 28,405 99.68 258,913 99.69 44,038 99.66 331,356 0.73
  Present 90 0.32 816 0.31 149 0.34 1,055  
  CS         
  Absent 6,718 98.84 38,174 99.12 4,206 98.57 49,098 <0.01
  Present 79 1.16 340 0.88 61 1.43 480  
MAS Vaginal         
  Absent 28,331 99.42 257,974 99.32 43,964 99.50 330,269 <0.01
  Present 164 0.58 1,755 0.68 223 0.50 2,142  
  CS         
  Absent 6,744 99.22 38,116 98.97 4,208 98.62 49,068 <0.01
  Present 53 0.78 398 1.03 59 1.38 510  
TTN Vaginal         
  Absent 28,425 99.75 258,814 99.65 44,022 99.63 331,261 <0.01
  Present 70 0.25 915 0.35 165 0.37 1,150  
  CS         
  Absent 6,740 99.16 38,082 98.88 4,204 98.52 49,026 <0.01
  Present 57 0.84 432 1.12 63 1.48 552  
Intubation/Ventilation Vaginal         
  Absent 28,295 99.30 257,854 99.28 43,781 99.08 329,930 <0.01
  Present 200 0.70 1,875 0.72 406 0.92 2,481  
  CS         
  Absent 6,670 98.13 37,804 98.16 4,145 97.14 48,619 <0.01
  Present 127 1.87 710 1.84 122 2.86 959  
Admission to specialized neonatal service Vaginal         
  Absent 27,818 97.62 212,951 81.99 37,166 84.11 277,935 <0.01
  Present 677 2.38 46,778 18.01 7,021 15.89 54,476  
  CS         
  Absent 6,459 95.03 29,950 77.76 3,319 77.78 39,728 <0.01
  Present 338 4.97 8,564 22.24 948 22.22 9,850  
  1. (%): Column percentage