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Table 3 Predicted Mean Annual GP Visits, Specialist Visits and Hospital Bed Days by Different Risk Profiles Considering only Smoking, High Blood Pressure and High Cholesterol in Individuals 50 & Older

From: Chronic disease risk factors associated with health service use in the elderly

No. of Risk
Factors
Combination Sample Size Mean number of
GP Visits
(95% CI)
Mean number of
Hospital Bed Days
(95% CI)
Mean number of
Specialist Visits
(95% CI)
None None 50 7.17 (6.92, 7.42) 1.69 (1.40, 1.97) 4.37 (4.12, 4.63)
1 Risk Factor Any One 267 7.36 (7.24, 7.48) 1.82 (1.66, 1.98) 4.40 (4.21, 4.58)
  High Blood Pressure 27 7.08 (6.69, 7.48) 1.98 (1.58, 2.38) 4.54 (4.28, 4.79)
  Smoking 21 7.24 (6.75, 7.74) 1.17 (0.82, 1.53) 3.83 (2.86, 4.79)
  High Cholesterol 147 6.96 (6.86, 7.06) 1.32 (1.22, 1.43) 3.76 (3.66, 3.86)
2 Risk Factors Any Two 377 7.95 (7.84, 8.06) 1.84 (1.69, 2.00) 4.46 (4.26, 4.66)
  High Blood Pressure + 1 Other 123 7.61 (7.42, 7.80) 1.82 (1.65, 2.00) 4.45 (4.19, 4.71)
  Smoking + 1 Other 71 7.80 (7.60, 8.01) 1.45 (1.23, 1.67) 3.28 (2.55, 4.01)
  High Cholesterol + 1 Other 261 7.63 (7.52, 7.74) 1.57 (1.43, 1.70) 3.99 (3.80, 4.18)
3 Risk Factors Any Three 291 8.45 (8.31, 8.58) 1.93 (1.76, 2.10) 4.71 (4.44, 4.99)
  High Blood Pressure + 2 Others 141 8.37 (8.15, 8.60) 1.90 (1.68, 2.13) 4.81 (4.46, 5.17)
  Smoking + 2 Others 106 8.36 (8.13, 8.59) 1.71 (1.49, 1.94) 3.96 (3.33, 4.59)
  High Cholesterol + 2 Others 238 8.26 (8.13, 8.39) 1.80 (1.63, 1.97) 4.50 (4.23, 4.76)
  1. *This was done holding all study participants' age constant at the stratum mean (65.7), education, employment status and region constant at the sample proportions.
  2. Survey weights were applied to get weighted means and corrected standard errors
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