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Table 2 Comparison of Stress Symptoms, Tendency to Stress, Coping Styles and Life Satisfaction between Migraineurs and Non-migraineurs

From: Are migraineur women really more vulnerable to stress and less able to cope?

Stress Symptoms Migraineurs n:62 Non-migraneurs n:58 Student t test Relative effect size
  Mean SD Mean SD t P  
Muscle system 22.6 11.1 21.9 16.2 0.27 0.79 0.05
Parasympathetic system 20.4 13.6 19.4 10.4 0.46 0.65 0.08
Sympathetic system 21.7 12.7 14.1 10.5 3.58* 0.00 0.65
Emotional system 29.0 21.1 28.1 15.7 0.26 0.79 0.05
Cognitive system 23.6 13.5 25.5 12.4 0.27 0.41 0.15
Endocrine system 14.0 10.0 15.4 8.2 -0.8 0.43 0.15
Immune system 14.8 10.7 13.3 10.7 0.77 0.45 0.14
Coping styles        
Seeking social support 8.2 3.7 10.4 3.7 -3.23* 0.00 0.59
Submissive 6.1 3.7 4.7 2.6 2.44* 0.02 0.45
Self-confident 13.5 4.6 12.3 4.2 1.48 0.14 0.27
Optimistic 9.2 5.5 7.5 3.1 2.11* 0.04 0.37
Helpless 10.4 4.9 10.4 4.8 -0.06 0.95 0.01
Total scores of Tendency to stress 46.7 10.0 48.4 12.7 -0.81 0.42 0.15
Life Satisfaction 4.83 1.79 4.94 1.59 0.73 0.73 0.06
  1. SD: Standard Deviation, * p < .05