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Table 1 Classification of screening test results and recommendations made to individuals who participated in the National Campaign to Detect Diabetes Mellitus

From: Initial impact and cost of a nationwide population screening campaign for diabetes in Brazil: A follow up study

   Categoriesa Recommendation
Fasting capillary glucoseb (mmol/l) < 5.6 Normal Repeat test in 3 years
  5.6 to 6.0 High normalc Schedule future appointment
  6.1 to 6.9 Borderlinec Schedule future appointment
  7.0 to 11.1 Altered Order fasting serum glucose and recommend return medical appointment
  11.1 to 14.9 Diabetes likely Order fasting serum glucose and schedule clinical appointment
  ≥ 15.0 Diabetes very likely Immediate consultation with physician
Non-fasting capillary glucose (mmol/l) < 7.8 Normal Repeat test in 3 years
  7.8 to 11.0 Borderline Schedule future appointment
  11.1 to 14.9 Diabetes likely Order fasting serum glucose and schedule clinical appointment
  ≥ 15.0 Diabetes very likely Immediate consultation with physician.
  1. Brazil, 2001.
  2. a All screening results not classified as normal were considered positive.
  3. b Fasting was defined as absence of food ingestion 4 hours prior to capillary glucose test.
  4. c These subcategories were developed for the purpose of this study, having been treated as a single category (borderline) during the program implementation.