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Table 4 Single and modelled multiple risk factors for tuberculosis patients diagnosis delay

From: The magnitude and factors associated with delays in management of smear positive tuberculosis in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

  Females (n = 251) Males (n = 388)
  Patient delay Patient delay
Risk Factors > 30
Days
≤ 30
days
OR 95%CI > 30
days
≤ 30
days
OR 95%CI
Poor Knowledge on TB Symptoms         
Chest Pain 41/79
(51.9)
79/113
(69.9)
0.89 0.57–1.37 66/94
(70.2)
139/193
(72.0)
0.74 0.50–1.08
Night Sweating 44/79
(55.7)
46/112
(41.1)
1.92 1.20–3.05 37/94
(39.4)
85/193
(44.0)
0.70 0.45–1.09
TB means HIV co-infection 9/72
(12.5)
32/111
(28.8)
0.48 0.22–1.03 19/97
(19.6)
42/196
(21.4)
0.79 0.44 – 1.42
Having Chest Pain last month 35/87
(40.2)
37/118
(31.4)
1.62 1.11–2.37
Text
21/103
(20.4)
73/230
(31.7)
0.70 0.49 – 1.00
Distance > 5 to a nearby health facility with DOTS 45/93
(48.4)
42/134
(31.3)
2.24 1.41 – 3.55 36/114
(31.6)
87/247
(35.2)
0.71 0.46 – 1.09
No primary education 26/93
(28.0)
29/134
(21.6)
1.74 1.01 – 3.05 39/114
(34.2)
53/248
(21.4)
1.44 0.91 – 2.26
Having no employment 64/141
(45.4)
29/86
(33.7)
1.77 1.20 – 2.60 51/170
(30.0)
63/192
(32.8)
0.72 0.49 – 1.06
Poor knowledge on Weight loss 60/79
(75.9)
78/113
(69.0)
1.55 1.03 – 2.32 74/94
(78.7)
138/193
(71.5)
0.91 0.62 – 1.32
Poor Knowledge on coughing Blood 74/79
(93.7)
103/113
(91.2)
1.47 1.01 – 2.16 89/94
(94.7)
179/193
(92.7)
0.75 0.51 – 1.09
Modelled multiple Risks1 -- -- 2.22 1.14–4.31 -- -- 0.70 0.44 – 1.11
  1. 1The final model had the following variables: poor knowledge on night sweat, chest pain, having no employment, residing > 5 km from a nearby health facility with DOTS services and a belief that TB is always associated with HIV infection. For the females, the Model Chi-Square 19.6 (d.f. = 5, P = 0.001), Wald statistic = 5.57, p = .018). For males, the Model Chi-Square 17.42 (d.f. = 4, P = 0.002), Wald statistic = 2.22, p = 0.136). Total in female and males do not add up to 251 and 388, respectively, due to missing values