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Table 2 Adjusted odds of limited literacy for 909 adults with diabetes

From: Relationship of literacy and heart failure in adults with diabetes

  Adjusted for social and economic factors Adjusted for all covariates
Characteristic Odds Ratio (CI) P Odds Ratio (CI) P
Heart Failure 1.55 (1.00, 2.41) 0.05 1.31 (0.82–2.08) 0.26
Age ≥ 65 years 3.45 (2.19, 5.44) <0.001 3.51 (2.18–5.63) <0.001
Male sex 1.77 (1.17, 2.66) 0.01 1.60 (1.04–2.46) 0.03
White race 0.48 (0.16, 1.41) 0.18 0.45 (0.14–1.43) 0.18
<High School Education    5.04 (3.31–7.69) <0.001
Income < $30,000 per year 5.17 (2.98, 8.95) <0.001 2.85 (1.59–5.13) <0.001
Married or living as married 1.00 (0.66, 1.52) 0.98 0.94 (0.61–1.46) 0.79
No health insurance 0.83 (0.18–3.85) 0.81 0.75 (0.15–3.71) 0.72
  1. CI = 95% confidence interval. Limited Literacy includes those with Short Test of Functional Health Literacy Score < 23, blind or otherwise unable to complete the test.