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Table 4 Studies reporting the effects of interventions

From: Hospital admission patterns subsequent to diagnosis of type 1 diabetes in children : a systematic review

Author Country Study Design Study Size Age Group Admission Rate/patient-year Comments
Randomised trials       
Laffel 1998 [33] USA Randomised Control Trial of IDDM cases assigned to standard care or ambulatory care intervention 171 10–15 0.09 Treated
0.24 Standard
Admissions codes for diabetes only
Laffel 2006 [34] USA 6-month Randomised Control Trial of IDDM cases assigned to either a blood ketone or urine ketone monitoring group 123 3–22 0.38 Blood
0.75 Urine
Admissions codes for diabetes only Also includes emergency assessments
Non-randomised studies       
Glasgow 1991 [31] USA Retrospective analysis of diabetes hospital admission records 1984 – 1988 267 0–20 0.14 – 0.26 Admissions codes for diabetes only
Levine 2002 [35] USA Prospective 1-year follow-up of T1DM cohort classified into one of 3 baseline HbA1c levels 300 7–16 0.13 Overall
0.11 <8.1%
0.04 8.1–9.0%
0.25 >9.0%
Admission rates three times rate in general population
Svoren 2003 [36] USA 2-year prospective Randomised Control Trial of T1DM children assigned to 3 treatment groups 299 7–16 0.18 CA
0.09 CA+
0.13 SC
CA – Ambulatory diabetes care CA+ – CA plus psychoeducational modules SC – Standard care
Swift 1993 [32] England Retrospective T1DM cohort study 1978 – 1988 of hospital admissions post-diagnosis over 10 years, comparing home and hospital management at diagnosis 236 10–14 0.02 Home
0.04 Hospital
Home – Initial management without hospitalisation Hospital – Initial hospital management