Skip to main content

Table 3 Studies reporting admissions for DKA

From: Hospital admission patterns subsequent to diagnosis of type 1 diabetes in children : a systematic review

Author Country Study Design Study Size Age Group Admission Rate/patient-year Comments
Bui 2002 [21] Australia Retrospective analysis of DKA admissions 1985 – 1999 332 0–19 0.33 Diabetes-related hospitalisations DKA associated with adverse metabolic events, cerebral edema and death
Curtis 2002 [20] Canada Retrospective analysis of diabetes-related admissions 1991 – 2000 15872 0–18 52 – 70 per 100,000 population Hospitalisation rates calculated for whole population. DKA rates stable
Dunger 2004 [25] Europe and North America Consensus statement on DKA in children and adolescents based on literature review Many studies 0–19 0.01 – 0.10 DKA admission rates only
Jiang 2003 [29] USA Retrospective study of diabetes-related hospital admission records 4698 1–17 Not supplied Multiple hospitalisation data not provided for estimating hospitalisation rates
Keenan 2002 [24] USA Retrospective analysis of T1DM cohort for diabetes-related admissions 1996 – 1997 8566 1–20 Not supplied DKA and diabetic coma admissions only Focus on costs No admission rates presented
Kovacs 1994 [30] USA Longitudinal 14-year follow-up of recruited IDDM cases diagnosed 1978 – 1985 95 8–13 0.15 DKA admission rates only
Morris 1997 [27] England Retrospective cohort analysis of IDDM patients attending clinic 1993 – 1994 89 1–29 Not supplied DKA admission rates and diabetic complications only Focus of correlation with HbA1C levels.
Rewers 2002 [23] USA Prospective follow-up of a T1DM cohort 1996 – 2000 1243 0–19 0.08 DKA admission rates only
Rosilio 1998 [22] France National survey of T1DM children using 206 clinic centres 2579 1–19 0.01 DKA admission rates and severe hypoglycaemia events
Smalldone 2005 [28] USA Retrospective analysis of hospital records for T1DM cohort 1998 – 2000 Not given 0–18 Not supplied Focus on comparison between single and multiple DKA admission rates
Smith 1998 [26] England 6 year retrospective case review 1990 – 1996 135 0–18 0.10 DKA admission rates only