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Table 1 Principal component analysis for 15-item physical environment evaluation of outpatient waiting areas

From: Hospital outpatient perceptions of the physical environment of waiting areas: the role of patient characteristics on atmospherics in one academic medical center

Physical environment of outpatient waiting areas Component 1: Visual environment Component 2: Hearing environment Component 3: Body contact environment Component 4: Cleanliness (overall and restrooms)
1. Lighting 0.636    
2. Ground and landscape design 0.846    
3. Furniture layouts 0.813    
4. Color design 0.698    
5. Space design 0.500    
6. Noise level   0.592   
7. Volume of paging   0.843   
8. Volume of broadcast services   0.817   
9. Air freshness    0.442  
10. Temperature    0.475  
11. Seating comfort    0.719  
12. Seating sufficiency    0.815  
13. Cleanliness     0.510
14. Air freshness of restrooms     0.860
15. Cleanliness of restrooms     0.861
  1. Note: Rotation method: Varimax with Kaiser Normalization