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Table 1 Characteristics of the study sample* and the total KUB population**

From: Critical views on postpartum care expressed by new mothers

Table 1    Study sample N = 150% KUB population N= 2633% p
Sociodemographic Background Maternal age, years Mean 30.05 29.45 ns
   Standard deviation (SD) SD 4.541 SD 4.676  
   < 25 14 15 ns
   25–35 75 75  
   > 35 11 10  
  Education 9-year compulsory school 4 6 ns
   Upper secondary school 51 55  
   College/University 45 39  
  Parity Primipara 48 43 ns
   Multipara 52 57  
  Smoking No 86 90 ns
   Yes 14 10  
  Marital status Married/cohabiting 95 95 ns
   Single/other 5 5  
  Country of birth Sweden 94 91 ns
   Other than Sweden 6 9  
  Experience of support by partner All support and almost all support 93 95 ns
   Little or no support 7 5  
Labour outcomes Mode of delivery Normal vaginal 79 81 ns
   Instrumental vaginal 13 12  
   Elective CS 5 5  
   Emergency CS 3 2  
  Newborn transfer to NEO No 86 89 ns
   Yes 14 11  
Care organisation Hospital size (number of deliveries/year) < 500 3 4 0.02
   500–999 5 13  
   1000–1999 28 28  
   2000–2999 21 20  
   3000–3999 20 20  
   > 4000 23 15  
  Length of postpartum stay < 1 day 12 10 ns
   2 days 22 21  
   3 days 22 25  
   4 days 24 21  
   > 5 days 20 23  
  Model of postpartum care*** Standard pp care 53 51 ns
   Combined ip/pp care 4 8  
   Family pp care 23 23  
   Risk pp care 3 3  
   Hotel pp care 10 10  
   Other 7 5  
  Talked through the birth experience Yes 43 52 0.05
   No 57 48  
Care evaluation General assessment of postnatal care Very positive 14 36  
   Positive 37 40  
   Neither positive or negative 21 18  
   Negative 19 5  
   Very negative 9 1  
  1. ns = non-significant difference.
  2. *Study sample = 150 women who gave a negative comment about postpartum care on the open-ended questions 140 + 10 (figure 1).
  3. **KUB population = the large study (KUB) population with the exclusion of the 150 women in the study sample.
  4. ***Models of postpartum care: Standard pp care = standard postpartum care in hospital. Comb ip/pp care = combined delivery and postpartum ward. Family pp care = family-oriented postpartum ward in the hospital where the father can stay overnight. Risk pp care = high-risk postpartum ward. Hotel pp care = postpartum care in a hotel located in close proximity to the delivery ward. Other = other options, for example birth-centre care or discharge directly from the delivery ward.