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Table 3 Health resource utilisation per patient and year

From: Health costs in anthroposophic therapy users: a two-year prospective cohort study

Item Pre-study year 0–12 months 12–24 months
  Mean ± SD Mean ± SD Median difference (95%-CI) from pre-study year P-value Mean ± SD Median difference (95%-CI) from pre-study year P-value
AM therapy sessions 1.58 ± 5.84 12.66 ± 12.70 +14.49 (13.50 to 15.00) < 0.001 5.10 ± 10.72 +6.59 (5.39 to 7.50) < 0.001
AM medicines per day 0.44 ± 0.80 0.73 ± 0.88 +0.28 (0.23 to 0.34) < 0.001 0.43 ± 0.74 +0.01 (-0.03 to +0.05) 0.647
Non-AM medicines per day 0.69 ± 0.99 0.77 ± 1.03 +0.05 (0.01 to 0.09) 0.015 0.66 ± 0.96 -0.03 (-0.07 to +0.02) 0.203
Physician and dentist visits 18.30 ± 19.93 18.41 ± 16.45 +0.69 (0.00 to +0.50) 0.047 17.45 ± 36.42 -1.45 (-2.00 to -0.50) 0.003
Paraclinical investigations 1.08 ± 1.65 0.92 ± 2.03 -0.50 (-0.50 to 0.00) < 0.001 0.83 ± 1.57 -0.30 (-0.58 to -0.27) < 0.001
Psychotherapy sessions 3.19 ± 12.96 3.76 ± 11.02 +2.00 (0.43 to 4.00) 0.027 3.75 ± 10.69 +2.34 (1.67 to 2.86) < 0.001
Hospital days 4.07 ± 15.65 2.92 ± 15.76 -2.00 (-4.24 to 0.00) 0.035 2.29 ± 11.84 -1.55 (-3.00 to -0.05) 0.037
Rehabilitation days 1.97 ± 8.06 1.79 ± 7.31 -0.50 (-3.50 to +7.00) 0.598 1.26 ± 5.54 -0.62 (-0.69 to 0.56) 0.004
Physiotherapy sessions 9.09 ± 20.40 10.65 ± 26.18 +1.00 (-0.55 to +4.00) 0.232 10.93 ± 26.08 +1.91 (-0.20 to +4.00) 0.092
Sick leave days* 27.92 ± 57.96 28.43 ± 69.02 -2.07 (-6.00 to +1.50 0.209 28.44 ± 64.85 -0.50 (-4.50 to +3.00) 0.614
  1. *economically active patients, n = 291.