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Table 3 Mortality Hazard After Discharge from Index Hospital by Patient Characteristics, Treatments and Time Cohort (n = 1,834)

From: Changes in practice patterns affecting in-hospital and post-discharge survival among ACS patients

Variables: Hazard Ratios 95% CI p-value Δχ2-value
Age 1.03 1.01–1.04 <0.01 15.79
Gender (male)* 1.14 0.82–1.59 >0.45 0.57
Race (white)* 0.81 0.54–1.23 >0.32 0.98
Charlson Index*** 1.81 1.33–2.46 <0.01 14.45
Ejection Fraction (<35%)*     6.78**
   35%–44% 1.59 0.89–2.83 >0.11 2.49
   ≥45% 0.56 0.31–1.01 >0.05 3.71
   missing 1.19 0.68–2.07 >0.54 0.37
Invasive Procedures (none)*     19.58**
   CATH 0.56 0.34–0.91 <0.02 5.45
   PCI 0.29 0.16–0.53 <0.01 15.75
   CABG 0.39 0.22–0.67 <0.01 11.24
ACEIs & ARBs – discharge 1.06 0.75–1.48 >0.75 0.10
Beta Blockers – discharge 0.54 0.36–0.81 <0.01 8.78
Aspirin – discharge 0.79 0.56–1.10 >0.15 1.99
Time Cohorts (MICH1)*     1.67**
   MICH2 1.29 0.87–1.92 >0.21 1.56
   HARP 1.19 0.77–1.85 >0.43 0.62
  1. * Reference categories are in parentheses;
  2. ** χ2-difference value for all categories of variable;
  3. *** Natural logarithm of Charlson Index
  4. Model Information:
  5. No. of Post-Hospital Discharge Deaths: 152; Model Likelihood Ratio χ2 (df: 15) = 203.73;
  6. Harrel's Concordance Statistic: 0.81