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Table 1 Analytic Sample Means or Percentages.

From: Dual use of Medicare and the Veterans Health Administration: are there adverse health outcomes?

  Veterans Non-Veterans
  Over-Reporters Accurate Reporters Over-Reporters Accurate Reporters
Covariates     
Age (years)*** 74.57 74.86 80.64 79.11
Race     
   White (reference group) 90.1 92.0 74.1 79.8
   Hispanic** 2.7 1.7 14.7 8.2
   African American* 7.2 5.5 9.9 10.7
   Other Race 0.0 0.8 1.3 1.3
High School Education*** 64.1 67.5 35.0 45.1
HH Income < $15,000*** 25.6 17.3 60.2 37.3
Total Wealth <= $19,000*** 17.4 9.8 24.9 21.0
Self-Rated Health:     
   Excellent** 4.7 15.1 5.2 11.5
   Very Good** 10.9 26.6 15.0 20.9
   Good (reference group) 30.5 31.8 32.3 33.4
   Fair 28.1 19.9 21.4 23.7
   Poor*** 25.8 6.6 26.1 10.5
# ADLs w/difficulty*** 0.38 0.14 0.56 0.26
# IADLs w/difficulty*** 0.39 0.24 0.76 0.44
Cancer*** 18.7 14.8 28.4 11.0
Diabetes 14.2 12.9 20.4 9.5
Heart Disease*** 53.0 30.2 45.5 31.7
Lung Disease 19.0 10.7 13.4 11.5
Stroke 15.1 8.9 10.9 10.1
Cognitive Status (TICS-7)*** 12.44 12.92 10.64 11.56
CES-D Symptoms*** 2.14 1.12 1.98 1.58
Selection Bias Adjustment     
Propensity Score 0.63 0.63 0.64 0.64
Intervening Variable     
Any ACSC Admission** 21.3 11.2 25.6 14.5
Weighted N 96 792 60 574
  1. Note: Weighted analyses adjust for the unequal probabilities of selection due either to the multi-stage cluster sampling design and/or the over-sampling.
  2. *p < .05 **p < .01 ***p < .001