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Table 1 Distribution of 65–74-year-old men and women according to age, educational level, marital status, self-reported health and chronic diseases in areas 1of Norway (1995–97) and Finland (1997).

From: Gender differences in health care use among the elderly population in areas of Norway and Finland. A cross-sectional analysis based on the HUNT study and the FINRISK Senior Survey

   NORWAY FINLAND
   Men Women Men Women
   n = 3 732 N = 4 187 n = 855 n = 428
   n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)
Age n.s.2 *
  65 – 69 years 1 837 (49) 2 069 (49) 497 (58) 221 (52)
  70 – 74 years 1 895 (51) 2 118 (51) 358 (42) 207 (48)
Educational level *** n.s.
  Primary school 1 898 (57) 2 735 (76) 529 (63) 264 (63)
  Middle level 3 1 133 (34) 618 (17) 243 (29) 132 (32)
  University degree 327 (10) 232 (6) 73 (9) 23 (5)
Marital status *** ***
  Married/cohabiting 2 924 (78) 2 573 (62) 663 (78) 183 (43)
  Single 373 (10) 187 (4) 77 (9) 45 (11)
  Divorced/separated 156 (4) 124 (3) 63 (7) 43 (10)
  Widow 273 (7) 1 296 (31) 52 (6) 157 (37)
Self-rated health *** n.s.
  Good 2 230 (60) 2 251 (54) 347 (41) 184 (43)
  Fair or poor 1 480 (40) 1 894 (46) 507 (59) 243 (57)
Self-reported chronic disease *** *
  Cardiovascular 1 546 (41) 1 539 (37) 453 (53) 198 (46)
   *** **
  Musculoskeletal 919 (25) 1 737 (41) 454 (53) 266 (62)
   ** n.s.
  Respiratory 384 (10) 357 (9) 111 (13) 53 (12)
   *** ***
  Mental 203 (7) 507 (12) 49 (6) 48 (11)
   n.s. n.s.
  Diabetes 268 (7) 273 (7) 92 (11) 38 (9)
   ** n.s.
  Cancer 253 (7) 357 (9) 47 (6) 20 (5)
   *** ***
  Other 557 (15) 895 (21) 65 (8) 64 (15)
Region    n.s.
  North Karelia    459 (54) 225 (53)
  Helsinki Metropolitan area    396 (46) 203 (47)
  1. 1Nord-Tröndelag in Norway, Helsinki Metropolitan area and North-Karelia in Finland
  2. 2χ2-test for the gender difference: n.s. = not significant, * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001
  3. 3Includes junior high school, senior high school and vocational training